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Table 1 Anatomical leaf traits at full leaf expansion of the considered species

From: Morphological, anatomical and physiological leaf traits of Q. ilex, P. latifolia, P. lentiscus, and M. communis and their response to Mediterranean climate stress factors

Species L (μm) SPL (μm) SPW (μm) SPA (μm2) SD (stomata mm-2)
P. lentiscus 378 ± 54 a 11.7 ± 1.3 a 7.8 ± 1.3 a 71.8 ± 12.5 a 406 ± 20 a
P. latifolia 419 ± 25 a 19.5 ± 2.6 b 11.1 ± 1.3 b 170.3 ± 31.3 b 238 ± 21 b
M. communis 311 ± 10 b 10.5 ± 2.0 ac 5.4 ± 1.0 c 45.5 ± 15.2 c 508 ± 82 c
Q. ilex 314 ± 59 b 9.1 ± 1.9 c 5.9 ± 0.6 c 42.1 ± 12.4 c 432 ± 34 a
  1. L, leaf thickness; SPL, stomatal pore length; SPW, stomatal pore width; SPA, stomatal pore area; SD, stomatal density. Mean values (±SE) are shown (n = 20). Mean values with the same letters are not significantly different (Tukey Test, p ≥ 0.05).