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Table 1 Total flavonoid (TF), hydroxycinnamic acid (TH), and proanthocyanidin (TPR) contents in the leaf and rhizome extracts

From: Antibacterial, anti-glucosidase, and antioxidant activities of selected highland ferns of Malaysia

  TF (mg CE/g) TH (mg CAE/g) TPR (mg LE/g)
Leaf extract    
C. latebrosa 101.67 ± 6.52a 56.32 ± 0.79a 1.43 ± 0.01a
D. curranii 19.07 ± 0.46b 34.53 ± 0.12b 16.80 ± 0.11b
G. truncata 65.41 ± 1.46c 52.84 ± 1.27a 5.97 ± 0.11c
P. triloba 118.59 ± 1.60d 69.70 ± 3.37c 29.37 ± 0.14d
Rhizome extract    
C. latebrosa 5.85 ± 0.58e 4.84 ± 0.14d 2.53 ± 0.09e
D. curranii 48.89 ± 0.62f 28.46 ± 0.50e 17.77 ± 0.10f
G. truncata 50.30 ± 1.64f 30.21 ± 0.49e 18.50 ± 0.07g
P. triloba 82.11 ± 2.58g 45.82 ± 0.11f 24.88 ± 0.10h
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SE (n = 3). Values in the same column that are followed by different superscript letters are significantly different (p < 0.05), as determined using the Fisher’s LSD test.