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Fig. 5 | Botanical Studies

Fig. 5

From: Effects of hot-water extracts from Ganoderma lucidum residues and solid-state fermentation residues on prebiotic and immune-stimulatory activities in vitro and the powdered residues used as broiler feed additives in vivo

Fig. 5

Effects of powders of GLR or GLRF additives (4 or 8 %) on the growths of probiotics in vivo. (a) Lactobacilli counts by uses of MRS selective agar plates and (b) bifidobacteria counts by uses of BIM-25 selective agar plates. The feces (about 0.05 g) were suspended in the autoclaved broth and diluted serially and spread onto selective agar plate, and then incubated in an anaerobic chamber. The bacterial colonies were counted and calculated, and expressed as log colony forming unit (CFU)/g feces. Data were means ± SD and analyzed using one-way ANOVA, followed by the post hoc Tukey’s test for comparisons. Values not sharing the same alphabetic letter were significantly different (P < 0.05)

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