Skip to main content

Table 3 Effects of HWP_GLR, HWP_GLRF, and inulin on bacterial growths

From: Effects of hot-water extracts from Ganoderma lucidum residues and solid-state fermentation residues on prebiotic and immune-stimulatory activities in vitro and the powdered residues used as broiler feed additives in vivo

Treatment Growth stimulation index
Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG Bifidobacterium longum Escherichia coli
Blank 1.0 ± 0.4 a# 1 ± 0.07 a 1.0 ± 1.3 a
Inulin (40 mg/ml) 3.0 ± 0.2 b 3.3 ± 0.2 b N.D.
HWP_GLR    
 5 mg/ml 11.1 ± 4.5 c 0.8 ± 0.7 a 1.1 ± 1.1 a
 10 mg/ml 83.2 ± 9.3 f 100.3 ± 22.0 d 3.4 ± 1.1 a
HWP_GLRF    
 5 mg/ml 38.9 ± 7.0 d 5.1 ± 1.6 b 0.6 ± 0.6 a
 10 mg/ml 67.2 ± 1.0 e 63.7 ± 9.9 c 2.2 ± 1.0 a
  1. N.D. not detected
  2. #All data were calculated as means ± SD and multiple group comparisons were performed using one-way ANOVA, followed by the post hoc Tukey’s test for comparisons. Values not sharing the same alphabetic letter were significantly different (P < 0.05)