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Table 2 Phenolics, flavonoids, phenolic acid contents and antioxidant evaluations of five wild species of Physalis

From: Phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of five wild species of Physalis (Solanaceae)

Species and reference compounds Phenolic content (mg AGE/g dt) Flavonoid content (mg QE/g dt) Phenolic acid content (mg CE/g dt) DPPH scavenging capacity (EC50) (µg/mL) Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) (mg AAE/mL) Iron reducing power (IC50) (µg AAE/mL)
Leaves
 P. patula (413) 129.06 ± 0.66 a 13.363 ± 0.01 d 4.053 ± 0.049 cd 22.96 ± 0.62 d 2.45 ± 0.08 b 0.43 ± 0.04 b
 P. subulata (427) 118.01 ± 3.34 b 20.152 ± 0.033 c 5.566 ± 0.040 b 8.83 ± 0.28 f 3.59 ± 0.26 a 0.54 ± 0.01 a
 P. solanacea (426) 89.83 ± 3.3 c 9.365 ± 0.050 e 4.671 ± 0.046 d 8.18 ± 0.21 f 1.80 ± 0.04 c 0.49 ± 0.04 ab
 P. solanacea (412) 86.66 ± 6.32 c 6.543 ± 0.014 f 2.388 ± 0.034 e 28.21 ± 0.96 c 2.10 ± 0.10 bc 0.44 ± 0.001 b
 P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (407) 58.75 ± 5.18 d 21.265 ± 0.006 bc 1.242 ± 0.075 f 59.17 ± 1.42 a 2.35 ± 0.06 b 0.11 ± 0.001 d
 P. angulata (401) 40.51 ± 0.71 e 23.036 ± 0.100 a 6.706 ± 0.007 a 38.74 ± 1.04 b 2.44 ± 0.18 b 0.20 ± 0.004 c
 Quercetin     5.29 ± 0.39 g 0.08 ± 0.002 d 0.09 ± 0.003 d
 Epicatechin     14.33 ± 0.29 e 0.11 ± 0.005 d 0.07 ± 0.004 d
Fruits
 P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (407) 86.51 ± 4.03 a 4.80 ± 0.031 b Not found 0.87 ± 0.03 f 0.59 ± 0.006 e 0.06 ± 0.002 e
 P. patula (413) 53.14 ± 3.95 b 1.392 ± 0.007 d 7.417 ± 0.067 a 9.14 ± 0.17 b 1.07 ± 0.04 a 0.10 ± 0.001 b
 P. solanacea (426) 46.29 ± 1.93 bc 2.499 ± 0.023 c 1.253 ± 0.020 d 3.11 ± 0.05 d 0.82 ± 0.005 c 0.06 ± 0.002 e
 P. solanacea (412) 40.39 ± 5.32 cd 4.642 ± 0.020 b 2.773 ± 0.032 c 2.51 ± 0.18 e 0.72 ± 0.010 d 0.03 ± 0.001 f
 P. angulata (401) 36.92 ± 2.57 cd Not found 7.849 ± 0.050 a 3.05 ± 0.19 c 0.92 ± 0.006 b 0.02 ± 0.00 g
 P. subulata (427) 32.29 ± 0.93 d 5.462 ± 0.033 a 4.258 ± 0.03 b 2.15 ± 0.18 e 0.58 ± 0.15 e 0.15 ± 0.001 a
 Quercetin     5.29 ± 0.39 c 0.08 ± 0.002 f 0.09 ± 0.003 c
 Epicatechin     14.33 ± 0.29 a 0.11 ± 0.005 f 0.07 ± 0.004 d
Calyces
 P. subulata (427) 176.58 ± 12.55 a 39.633 ± 0.079 a 50.570 ± 0.125 a 60.29 ± 0.30 a 2.07 ± 0.014 a 0.34 ± 0.02 b
 P. solanacea (426) 170.78 ± 7.06 a 5.269 ± 0.059 d 5.805 ± 0.042 b 12.20 ± 0.17 d 1.56 ± 0.040 b 0.55 ± 0.03 a
 P. solanacea (412) 76.68 ± 4.99 b 3.678 ± 0.049 e 4.054 ± 0.038 c 27.82 ± 0.34 c 0.63 ± 0.013 d 0.02 ± 0.001 e
 P. patula (413) 91.90 ± 11.90 b 5.339 ± 0.215 d 5.719 ± 0.024 b 0.94 ± 0.05 f 1.41 ± 0.017 b 0.24 ± 0.01 c
 P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (407) 54.15 ± 1.64 c 16.48 ± 0.153 b Traces 7.68 ± 0.08 e 1.03 ± 0.002 c 0.06 ± 0.000 d
 P. angulata (401) 33.18 ± 1.43 c 8.829 ± 0.032 c 1.389 ± 0.009 d 31.94 ± 3.03 b 2.10 ± 0.16 a 0.09 ± 0.01 d
 Quercetin     5.29 ± 0.39 e 0.08 ± 0.002 e 0.09 ± 0.003 d
 Epicatechin     14.33 ± 0.29 d 0.11 ± 0.005 e 0.07 ± 0.004 d
  1. The values represent the mean and standard deviation for three independent samples. Different letters in the same column for each type of tissue mean significant differences (p < 0.05)