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Table 3 Phenolic compounds found in the leaves, fruits, and calyces of five wild species of Physalis

From: Phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of five wild species of Physalis (Solanaceae)

Number of compound RT (min) λmax Type of phenolic compound Species
Leaves
 1 26.50 ± 0.11 256, 267sh, 319, 360sh Flavonol P. angulata (2.476)
 2 22.57 ± 0.36 240sh, 296sh, 326 Phenolic acid P. subulata (2.184)
 3 27.37 ± 0.07 240sh, 296sh, 325 Phenolic acid P. solanacea (412: 2.288; 426: 4.671)
 4 27.23 ± 0.11 256, 266sh, 347 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. angulata (1.544)
 5 28.41 ± 0.02 243sh, 265, 317sh, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. angulata (5.094)
 6 28.36 ± 0.32 233sh, 291sh, 324 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.281)
P. patula (2.467)
P. hederifolia var hederifolia (1.242)
P. subulata (3.381)
 7 28.73 ± 0.05 227sh, 243sh, 265, 344 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. subulata (1.522)
 8 29.63 ± 0.24 243sh, 290sh, 322 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.586)
 9 29.65 ± 0.09 227sh, 265, 343 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P.angulata (2.329)
P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.412)
P. subulata (1.524)
 10 31.17 ± 0.07 229sh, 268sh, 308 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.417)
 11 31.87 ± 0.00 231sh, 267sh, 312 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.268)
 12 32.21 ± 0.05 256, 266sh, 353 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.403)
 13 32.43 ± 0.03 226sh, 295sh, 312 Phenolic acid (probably p-coumaric acid) P. angulata (1.341)
 14 32.93 ± 0.00 265, 318sh, 354 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.331)
 15 33.29 ± 0.00 228sh, 266, 320sh, 343 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.515)
 16 33.82 ± 0.00 228sh, 265, 317sh, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.897)
 17 34.16 ± 0.00 227sh, 244sh, 265, 318sh, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (6.868)
 18 34.29 ± 0.00 228sh, 265, 317sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.538)
 19 34.58 ± 0.00 236sh, 270sh, 290sh, 324 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.397)
 20 34.75 ± 0.10 265, 294sh, 344 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.583)
 21 34.90 ± 0.03 228sh, 245sh, 266, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (1.631)
 22 35.69 ± 0.20 255, 264sh, 294sh, 355 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside (rutine) P. angulata (5.175)
P. patula (5.431)
P. solanacea (412: 4.388; 426: 6.882)
P. subulata (5.892)
 23 34.85 ± 0.60 255,266sh, 296sh, 355 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. patula (3.627)
 24 36.24 ± 0.34 256, 266sh, 296sh, 353 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. patula (2.421)
P. solanaceous (412: 2.154, 426: 4.682)
P. subulata (4.599)
 25 36.47 ± 0.16 227sh, 265, 294sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. angulata (2.837)
 26 37.40 ± 0.22 227sh, 265, 294sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. angulata (3.577)
P. patula (1.879)
 27 38.20 ± 0.08 265, 293sh, 343 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. subulata (2.597)
 28 39.44 ± 0.12 264, 293sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (2.032)
P. subulata (3.977)
Fruits
 F1 26.648 ± 0.489 293sh, 325 Phenolic acid Physalis solanacea (412: 2.773; 426: 1.253)
P. subulata (2.470)
 F2 27.389 ± 0.187 296sh, 322 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.534)
P. patula (1.144)
P. subulata (1.787)
 F3 29.821 ± 0.000 292sh, 326 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.536)
 F4 30.716 ± 0.000 283sh, 311 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.163)
 F5 33.488 ± 0.000 226sh, 265, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside P. hederefolia var hederifolia (4.807)
 F6 34.47 ± 0.000 291sh, 311 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.232)
 F7 35.138 ± 0.323 255, 264sh, 294sh, 355 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. patula (1.392)
P. solanacea (412: 2.320, 426: 1.282)
P. subulata (1.765)
 F8 37.55 ± 0.000 281, 324sh Dihydroflavonol P. subulata (1.765)
 F9 39.193 ± 0.000 277, 303sh Dihydroflavonol P. subulata (1.932)
 F10 45.69 ± 0.000 286sh, 312 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.134)
 F11 45.954 ± 0.000 283sh, 317 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.593)
 F12 46.937 ± 0.000 291sh, 311 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.282)
 F13 50.091 ± 0.397 255, 267sh, 296sh, 355 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside P. solanaceous (412: 2.322; 426: 1.217)
 F14 52.628 ± 0.000 292sh, 321 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.610)
 F15 55.928 ± 0.000 290sh, 312 Phenolic acid P. patula (1.429)
 F16 57.497 ± 0.000 281sh, 318 Phenolic acid P. angulata (1.573)
Calyces
 C1 23.055 ± 0.054 246sh, 290sh, 322 Phenolic acid Physalis angulata (1.389)
Physalis subulata (25.085)
 C2 27.855 ± 0.287 246sh, 292, 326 Phenolic acid Physalis solanacea (412: 2.034; 426: 3.100)
P. patula (3.085)
Physalis subulata (12.132)
 C3 28.574 ± 0.000 226sh, 266, 287sh, 347 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis angulata (1.549)
 C4 29.180 ± 0.040 242sh, 286sh, 322 Phenolic acid Physalis patula (2.634)
Physalis subulata (13.352)
 C5 29.641 ± 0.000 228sh, 265, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis angulata (1.558)
 C6 31.400 ± 0.317 246sh, 316 Phenolic acid Physalis solanacea (412: 2.020; 426: 2.704)
 C7 33.172 ± 0.036 229sh, 266, 318sh, 344 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis hederifolia var. hederifolia (3.084)
 C8 33.572 ± 0.146 227sh, 2656, 316sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis hederifolia var. hederifolia (4.214)
 C9 33.605 ± 0.000 229sh, 266, 319sh, 344 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis hederifolia var. hederifolia (3.023)
 C10 34.016 ± 0.000 225sh, 265, 340 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis hederifolia var. hederifolia (3.017)
 C11 35.990 ± 0.064 255, 264sh, 294sh, 355 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside, (Rutin) Physalis angulata (2.087)
Physalis solanacea (412: 2.032; 426: 2.671)
Physalis patula (3.080)
Physalis subulata (13.885)
 C12 37.407 ± 0.135 267sh, 265, 293sh, 340 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis angulata (1.320)
Physalis patula (2.124)
 C13 37.55 ± 0.000 256, 266sh, 295, 352 Quercetin-3-O-glycoside Physalis subulata (13.278)
 C14 38.606 ± 0.000 265, 293sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis solanaceous (412: 1.646; 426: 2.631)
 C15 38.437 ± 0.175 225sh, 265, 291sh, 346 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis angulata (2.335)
Physalis hederifolia var. hederifolia (3.146)
 C16 39.897 ± 0.000 226sh, 265, 345 Kaempferol-3-O-glycoside Physalis subulata (12.469)
  1. Figures in brackets mean concentration (mg/g dry tissue)