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Table 5 Flavonoid concentrations in leaves of Cyclocarya paliurus under various treatments of shading and provenance (mean ± SD, samples collected in October 20, 2011)

From: Effect of light regime and provenance on leaf characteristics, growth and flavonoid accumulation in Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal) Iljinskaja coppices

Treatment Flavonoid concentrations (mg g−1)
Total Quercetin Isoquercitrin Kaempferol
A1B1 40.9 ± 4.6b 2.11 ± 0.19c 2.37 ± 0.32b 2.12 ± 0.79b
A1B2 42.6 ± 2.8b 2.13 ± 0.03c 4.35 ± 0.53d 2.10 ± 0.01b
A1B3 45.8 ± 9.3b 1.28 ± 0.31b 3.67 ± 0.64c 2.97 ± 0.35c
A2B1 24.8 ± 3.4a 0.62 ± 0.05a 0.53 ± 0.07a 0.87 ± 0.08a
A2B2 23.3 ± 2.2a 0.40 ± 0.04a 0.76 ± 0.07a 0.59 ± 0.06a
A2B3 28.0 ± 6.1a 0.41 ± 0.08a 0.77 ± 0.20a 0.91 ± 0.17a
A3B1 27.6 ± 1.8a 0.54 ± 0.05a 0.49 ± 0.06a 0.71 ± 0.07a
A3B2 28.8 ± 6.4a 0.50 ± 0.13a 1.06 ± 0.16a 0.44 ± 0.01a
A3B3 30.7 ± 0.6a 0.25 ± 0.03a 0.50 ± 0.05a 0.35 ± 0.03a
  1. Different letters indicate significant differences among treatments for the same category according to Tukey’s test (p < 0.05)