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Table 1 Environmental information of the four study sites

From: Effects of adjacent land-use types on the distribution of soil organic carbon stocks in the montane area of central Taiwan

Land-use type Altitude (m) Slope (°) Age (years) Aspect Dominant species and understory
Tea plantation 1200 5 40–50 NE Camellia sinensis L.
Bamboo forest 1200 8 40–50 N Phyllostachys pubescens
Japanese cedar forest 1260 6 42 SE Cryptomeria japonica
Lasianthus fordii Hance, Elatostema lineolatum Forst. var. majus Thwait., Diplazium virescens Kunze, Amischotolype hispida (Less. & Rich.) Hong, Schefflera octophylla (Lour.) Harms, Monachosorum henryi Christ, Lasianthus wallichii Wight, Zingiber kawagoii Hayata
Taiwania forest 1240 10 42 SE Taiwania cryptomerioides
Polygonum chinense Linn., Angiopteris lygodiifolia Rosenst., Diplazium dilatatum Blume, Ardisia cornudentata Mez ssp. morrisonensis (Hayata) Yuen P. Yang var. stenosepala (Hayata) Yuen P. Yang, Monachosorum henryi Christ, Elatostema lineolatum Forst. var. majus Thwait., Selaginella doederleinii Hieron