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Table 3 Comparisons of vegetative characteristics between the induced tetraploids and their corresponding diploid F. tataricum cultivars

From: Morphological, physiological, cytological and phytochemical studies in diploid and colchicine-induced tetraploid plants of Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn

Vegetative characteristic (cm) Qianwei 2# Jinku 2# Chuanqiao 1# Liuqiao 1#
4x 2x 4x 2x 4x 2x 4x 2x
Plant height 66.30 ± 20.20a 55.03 ± 5.35a 62.21 ± 15.34a 56.00 ± 10.23a 59.80 ± 21.02a 61.67 ± 2.34a 75.00 ± 23.12a 69.90 ± 11.20a
Plant breadth 40.23 ± 12.34a 45.89 ± 9.21a 39.36 ± 12.89a 51.24 ± 18.21a 45.34 ± 18.23a 43.89 ± 8.90a 53.34 ± 20.01a 50.34 ± 15.78a
Diameter of basal stem 1.03 ± 0.38a 0.98 ± 0.31a 1.11 ± 0.38a 1.02 ± 0.30a 0.99 ± 0.20a 0.96 ± 0.13a 1.20 ± 0.14a 1.21 ± 0.33a
Leaf length 6.12 ± 0.12A 5.28 ± 0.28B 6.39 ± 0.22A 5.63 ± 0.26B 6.56 ± 0.17A 5.86 ± 0.15B 7.23 ± 0.32A 6.31 ± 0.18B
Leaf width 4.02 ± 0.28A 3.34 ± 0.17B 4.21 ± 0.21A 3.25 ± 0.13B 3.99 ± 0.15A 3.05 ± 0.11B 5.32 ± 0.21A 3.15 ± 0.15B
Leaf thickness 0.95 ± 0.05A 0.38 ± 0.13B 0.83 ± 0.04A 0.35 ± 0.11A 0.88 ± 0.14A 0.41 ± 0.10B 0.92 ± 0.09A 0.36 ± 0.16B
Leaf index (length/width) 1.43 ± 0.22a 1.21 ± 0.25b 1.48 ± 0.31a 1.11 ± 0.32b 1.32 ± 0.18a 1.39 ± 0.20a 1.42 ± 0.23a 1.35 ± 0.19a
  1. Different small-case/capital letters indicate the significance of difference between two mean values at the p = 0.05/0.01 level, respectively, as tested by two-sample t test, the same below