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Table 1 Millet seed features

From: Broomcorn and foxtail millet were cultivated in Taiwan about 5000 years ago

  Angle (°) Depth (%) Width (%)
Broomcorn millet
 Ancient 111.6 ± 11.3 37 ± 6 53 ± 7
 Modern 96.5 ± 25.8 43 ± 8 48 ± 5
Foxtail millet
 Ancient 88.8 ± 25.6 66 ± 7 31 ± 6
 Modern 72.6 ± 22.9 55 ± 11 33 ± 7
  1. The angle, depth percentage and width percentage of the embryo notch for modern and ancient carbonized seeds of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Thirty seeds each kind were used for measurement