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Table 4 Unusual foliar elemental accumulation (Ni, Co, Cu, Mn or Zn—maximum recorded values in μg g−1) in plants from South and Southeast Asia

From: Ultramafic geoecology of South and Southeast Asia

Family Species Life-form Locality Ni Cu Co Mn Zn Reference
Acanthaceae Daedalacanthus suffruticosus Shrub India 1235–1862 Datta et al. (2015)
Acanthaceae Ptyssiglottis cf. fusca Herb Sabah, Malaysia 1160   Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Amaranthaceae Aerva scandens Herb Sulawesi, Indonesia 395 Brooks et al. (1978)
Amaranthaceae Cyathula prostrata Herb Sulawesi, Indonesia 553 Brooks et al. (1978)
Apocynaceae Calotropis gigantea Climber Sri Lanka 583 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Apocynaceae Carissa spinarum Climber Sri Lanka 702 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Asteraceae Vernonia actaea Herb Sulawesi, Indonesia 300 Brooks et al. (1978)
Asteraceae Vernonia cinerea Herb Sri Lanka 1026 Samithri (2015)
Chrysobalanaceae Licania splendens Shrub Zambales, Philippines 2728 Fernando et al. (2013)
Convolvulaceae Evolvulus alsinoides Herb Sri Lanka 1478   Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Dichapetalaceae Dichapetalum gelonioides subsp. pilosum Climber/shrub Sabah, Malaysia 7000 Baker et al. (1992)
Dichapetalaceae Dichapetalum gelonioides subsp. sumatranum Shrub SE Asia 30,000 Baker et al. (1992)
Dichapetalaceae Dichapetalum geloniodes subsp. tuberculatum Shrub Malaysia and Philippines 26,600 Baker et al. (1992)
Dichapetalaceae Dichapetalum gelonioides subsp. andamanicum Shrub Andaman Islands, India 3160; 9740–36,100 Brooks (1987), Datta et al. (2015)
Dipterocarpaceae Shorea tenuiramulosa Tree Sabah, Malaysia 1790 Proctor et al. (1988a, b), Van der Ent et al. (2015a, b, c, d, e, f, g)
Euphorbiaceae Croton bonplandianus Tree Sri Lanka 2163 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia thymifolia Shrub Sri Lanka 1074 Samithri (2015)
Fabaceae Cassia auriculata Shrub Sri Lanka 885 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Fabaceae Dalbergia beccarii Shrub Sabah, Malaysia 2623 Van der Ent and Reeves (2015)
Fabaceae Tephrosia villosa Herb Sri Lanka 1858 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Lamiaceae Clerodendrum infortunatum Herb Sri Lanka 2278 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Lamiaceae Coleus scutellarioides Herb Sri Lanka 500 Brooks et al. (1978)
Lamiaceae Ocimum tenuiflorum Herb Sri Lanka 2266 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Loganiaceae Strychnos andamanensis Climber India 2606–6893 Datta et al. (2015)
Loganiaceae Strychnos minor Climber India 3220–10,214 Datta et al. (2015)
Loganiaceae Strychnos wallichiana Climber India 2924–15,630 Datta et al. (2015)
Malvaceae Abutilon indicum Shrub Sri Lanka 915 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Malvaceae Waltheria indica Shrub Sri Lanka 1504 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Meliaceae Walsura monophylla Tree Malaysia and Philippines 7090 Baker et al. (1992)
Meliaceae Walsura pinnata Tree SE Asia 4580 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Monimiaceae Kibara coriacea Tree SE Asia 5840 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Moraceae Ficus brevicuspis Tree India 28,322–30,564 Datta et al. (2015)
Myristicaceae Knema matanensis Tree Indonesia 5000 Van der Ent et al. (2013a)
Myristicaceae Myristica laurifolia var. bifurcata Tree Indonesia 1100   Wither and Brooks (1977)
Myrtaceae Decaspermum blancoi Shrub Zambales, Philippines 1996   Fernando et al. (2013)
Ochnaceae Brackenridgea palustris subsp. foxworthyi Shrub Philippines 7600 Baker et al. (1992)
Ochnaceae Brackenridgea palustris subsp. kjellbergii Tree Sulawesi, Indonesia 1440 Reeves (2003)
Ochnaceae Ochna integerrima Tree India 2465–5210 Datta et al. (2015)
Olacaceae Olax imbricata Tree Sri Lanka 1082 Samithri (2015)
Oxalidaceae Sarcotheca celebica Tree Indonesia 1000 Van der Ent et al. (2013a, b, c)
Papilionaceae Cassia sophera Shrub Sulawesi, Indonesia 333 Brooks et al. (1978)
Phyllanthaceae Actephila alanbakeri Shrub Sabah, Malaysia 11,520 Van der Ent et al. (2016c)
Phyllanthaceae Aporosa chalarocarpa Tree SE Asia 1560 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Baccaurea lanceolata Tree SE Asia 1450 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Breynia cernua Shrub Zambales, Philippines 3573 Gotera et al. (2014)
Phyllanthaceae Cleistanthus sp. 1 Tree Sabah, Malaysia 2110 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion aff. acustylum Tree Sulawesi, Indonesia 6060 Reeves (2003)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion brunneum Tree SE Asia 6200 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion cf. lanceisepalum Tree Sabah, Malaysia 3270 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion cf. mindorense Tree SE Asia 2280 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion cf. rubrum Tree SE Asia 7000 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion cf. sericeum Tree Sabah, Malaysia 2190 1310 Van der Ent et al. (2015f); Van der Ent (unpublished)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion sp. ‘bambangan’ Tree Sabah, Malaysia 16,700 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion sp. ‘nalumad’ Tree Sabah, Malaysia 9000 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus balgooyi Tree Malaysia and Philippines 8610 Hoffmann et al. (2003), Mesjasz-Przybylowicz et al. (2015)
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus erythrotrichus Shrub Zambales, Philippines 17,520 Quimado et al. (2015)
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus securinegioides Shrub Sabah, Malaysia 23,300 Baker et al. (1992), Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus sp. undet. Shrub Sri Lanka 821 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Piperaceae Peperomia pellucida Shrub Sulawesi, Indonesia 300 Brooks et al. (1978)
Rubiaceae Psychotria cf. gracilis Sabah, Malaysia 10,590 Reeves (2003)
Rubiaceae Psychotria sarmentosa Climber Sabah, Malaysia 24,200 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Rubiaceae Psychotria sp. undet. Sulawesi, Indonesia 1820 Reeves (2003)
Rubiaceae Urophyllum cf. macrophyllum Herb Sabah, Malaysia 10,464 Van der Ent and Reeves (2015)
Salicaceae Flacourtia indica Tree Sri Lanka 1165 Samithri (2015)
Salicaceae Flacourtia kinabaluensis Tree Sabah, Malaysia 7280 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Salicaceae Xylosma luzonensis Tree SE Asia 5360 Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Sapindaceae Mischocarpus sundaicus Tree SE Asia 4425   Van der Ent et al. (2015f)
Sapotaceae Planchonella obovata Tree Zambales, Philippines 1005 Fernando et al. (2013)
Sapotaceae Planchonella oxyedra Tree Obi Island, Indonesia 19,600 Wither and Brooks (1977)
Tiliaceae Trichospermum kjellbergii Tree Indonesia 3770 Wither and Brooks (1977)
Urticaceae Laportea ruderalis Herb Sulawesi, Indonesia 600 Brooks et al. (1978)
Verbenaceae Callicarpa sp. undet. Shrub Zambales, Philippines 1052 Fernando et al. (2013)
Violaceae Hybanthus enneaspermus Shrub Sri Lanka 1862 Rajakaruna and Bohm (2002)
Violaceae Rinorea bengalensis Tree S & SE Asia and Australia 2723–18,840 Brooks and Wither (1977); Datta et al. (2015)
Violaceae Rinorea javanica Tree SE Asia 9680 Brooks and Wither (1977)
Violaceae Rinorea niccolifera Shrub Luzon Island, Philippines 18,388 Fernando et al. (2014)
Violaceae Rinorea sp. nov. Shrub Talaud Island, Indonesia 1830 Proctor et al. (1994)