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Table 3 Leaf epidermal characters of all morpho-types in summary

From: Identification among morphologically similar Argyreia (Convolvulaceae) based on leaf anatomy and phenetic analyses

Name Adaxial epidermis Abaxial epidermis
Stomatal index (S.I.)a Epidermal cell wall Cuticle Stomatal type Non glandular trichome and length (µm) Density of trichome Stomatal index (S.I.)a Epidermal cell wall Cuticle Stomatal type Non glandular trichome and length (µm) Density of trichome
A. breviscapa 8.92 ± 2.76 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 546–820 SS = 311–440 + 24.92 ± 3.35 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 569–1291 SS = 249–487 ++
A. breviscapa 13.68 ± 4.45 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 563–981 SS = 296–444 + 25.33 ± 6.87 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 1053–1499 SS = 217–462 ++
A. kerrii 2.42 ± 1.45 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 512–738 SS = 280–402 ++ 22.87 ± 3.63 Sinuate Striated Para LS and SC NT +++
A. suddeeana 6.04 ± 2.23 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 515–945 SS = 128–410 + 26.84 ± 6.77 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 583–1599 SS = 110–451 +++
A. suddeeana 7.19 ± 3.14 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 525–1037 SS = 149–313 + 25.70 ± 1.39 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 667–1478 SS = 172–446 +++
A. variabilis 3.54 ± 1.05 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 565–1100 SS = 155–478 + 33.21 ± 6.65 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 796–1616 SS = 259–440 +++
A. variabilis 0.58 ± 1.32 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 665–1295 SS = 145–420 + 25.46 ± 4.10 Str-cur Striated Para LS = 948–1625 SS = 206–432 +++
Argyreia 1 4.37 ± 2.05 Sinuate Striated Ani-para LS = 572–1042 SS = 142–391 + 22.22 ± 3.88 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 617–1583 SS = 207–434 +++
Argyreia 2 5.21 ± 2.18 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 528–1073 SS = 197–428 + 27.68 ± 3.85 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 708–1496 SS = 154–310 +++
Argyreia 2 10.71 ± 4.13 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 548–903 SS = 183–363 + 29.56 ± 3.08 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 713–1673 SS = 173–305 +++
Argyreia 2 9.56 ± 1.32 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 551–1304 SS = 131–306 + 25.00 ± 2.77 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 884–1994 SS = 144–424 +++
Argyreia 2 8.03 ± 2.47 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 544–824 SS = 173–390 + 24.42 ± 6.45 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 685–1452 SS = 144–359 ++
Argyreia 2 9.49 ± 4.75 Str-cur Striated Ani-para LS = 523–945 SS = 160–318 + 25.00 ± 3.46 Sinuate Striated Para LS = 661–1497 SS = 148–386 ++
  1. NT numerous trichome, Str-cur straight to slightly curved, Ani-para anisocytic and paracytic, Para paracytic, 10X trichome density, + 1‒5 trichomes, ++ 6‒10 trichomes, +++ more than 10 trichomes, LS large straight trichome, SS small straight trichome, SC small curly trichome
  2. aMean ± SD