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Table 2 Results of two-way ANOVA (F-ratios) showing the effects of Phragmites australis litter leachate (C) on seedling densities (D) of Rumex conglomeratus

From: Allelopathy and resource competition: the effects of Phragmites australis invasion in plant communities

Factor df F ratio and probability
Above-ground biomass Below-ground biomass Total biomass Root length Plant height Number of leaf/plant Total chlorophyll
Concentration (C) 2 68.15*** 40.02*** 71.26*** 23.49*** 3.11ns 9.00*** 40.39***
Density (D) 3 316.71*** 267.80*** 313.54*** 51.72*** 39.01*** 5.50** 49.22***
C × D 6 74.66*** 28.92*** 70.88*** 17.87*** 9.12*** 5.72*** 3.99**
Error 24        
Total 36        
  1. Data used here as % of control. Level of significance: ***, **, * and ns indicate significant difference at P ≤ 0.001, P ≤ 0.01, P ≤ 0.05 and non-significant respectively