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Table 3 A summary of the frequency of Rhizoctonia-like fungi acquired from roots of orchids inhabiting the Itremo Massif of the Central Highlands of Madagascar during January 2015 (rainy season)

From: Techniques for the collection, transportation, and isolation of orchid endophytes from afar: a case study from Madagascar

Growth habit Orchid Site Sample # Strains and fungus
Lithophytic Eulophia sp. 1 1 Seedling None
  Eulophia sp. 1 1 Mature Tulasnella (1)
  Jumellea densifolia 2 Seedling None
Epiphytic Aerangis sp. 1 5 Seedling Ceratobasidium (10)
  Angraecum sp. 1 2 Seedling, juvenile None
  Angraecum sp. 3 6 Mature None
  Aeranthes sp. 1 6 Juvenile, mature None
  Bulbophyllum baronii 2 Mature None
  Polystachya sp. 1 6 Seedling Tulasnella (4)
  Polystachya concreta 3 Seedling None
Terrestrial Angraecum sp. 2 2 Mature None
  Benthamia sp. 1 3 Mature None
  Calanthe sylvatica 5 Mature None
  Cynorkis sp. 1 3 Mature Ceratobasidium (2)
  Cynorkis sp. 1 4 Mature Tulasnella, sebacina (2)
  Cynorkis sp. 1 7 Mature None
  Cynorkis fastigiata 4 Mature Ceratobasidium (1)
  Cynorkis fastigiata 6 Mature Tulasnella (3)
  Cynorkis flexuosa 1 Mature None
  Cynorkis flexuosa 1 Seedling Tulasnella (2)
  Cynorkis gibbosa 4 Mature Tulasnella (4)
  Cynorkis gibbosa 4 Juvenile None
  Cynorkis gibbosa 7 Seedling None
  Cynorkis uniflora 3 Seedling Ceratobasidium (1)
  Cynorkis uniflora 3 Mature None
  Cynorkis uniflora 7 Mature None
  Disa sp. 1 4 Mature None
  Eulophia sp. 1 1 Seedling None
  Eulophia plataginea 1 Juvenile None
  Habenaria sp.1 1 Juvenile, mature None
  Habenaria sp. 2 2 Seedling Tulasnella (1)
Habenaria sp. 2 4 Mature Tulasnella (1)
  Jumellea sp. 1 Mature None
  Liparis sp. 1 5 Seedling Tulasnella (1)
  Polystachya sp. 1 2 Mature None
  Satyrium sp. 5 Seedling Tulasnella (1)
  Satyrium trinerve 3 Mature None
  Satyrium trinerve 4 Seedling Tulasnella (4)
  1. Fungal genera listed represent provisional identifications carried out at the time of isolation, based on cultural characteristics described by Currah et al. (1997). Growth habit reflects the substrate where the individual orchid was actually rooted at the time of collection. Collection sites: 1 abandoned mine, rocky grassland, 2 tapia forest, 3 seepage slope, 4 grassland, seepage slope, 5 forest preserve, 6 forest, 7 rocky elevated grassland
  2. Terrestrial seedlings = 6/8, epiphytic seedlings = 2/4, lithophytic seedlings = 0/2
  3. Terrestrial juveniles = 0/3, epiphytic juveniles = 0/2, lithophytic juveniles = NA
  4. Terrestrial mature = 6/18, epiphytic mature = 1/4, lithophytic mature = 1/1
  5. Total terrestrial = 12/29 (41%), total epiphytic = 3/10 (30%), total lithophytic = 1/3 (33%)