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Table 2 Species of Menispermaceae photographed and described for endocarp morphology

From: Endocarps of menispermaceous plants in Taiwan

Scientific name Herbarium, number Regions Altitudes (m)
Cissampelos pareira L. var. hirsuta (Buch. ex DC.) Forman PPI, 76635 Hsiaoliouchiou Island, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 20–30
Cocculus laurifolius DC. PPI, 76899 Taiwu, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 400–600
Cocculus orbiculatus (L.) DC. PPI, 76884 Machia, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 600–800
Cyclea gracillima Diels PPI, 76851 Chiyenshan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 700–800
Cyclea insularis (Makino) Hatusima TAIF, 199368 Lanyu, Taitung County, southern Taiwan 10–20
Cyclea ochiaiana (Yamam.) S. F. Huang & T. C. Huang PPI, 76742 Peitawushan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 1600–1800
Pericampylus glaucus (Lam.) Merr. PPI, 76111 Liangshan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 200–300
Sinomenium acutum (Thunb.) Rehder & E. H. Wils. TAIF, 460257 Siyuan Wind Gap, Yilan County, northern Taiwan 1900–2000
Stephania cephalantha Hayata PPI, 76935 Majia, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 600–800
Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers PPI, 76121 Taiwu, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 600–800
Stephania longa Lour. PPI, 76907 Liangshan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 100–200
Stephania merrillii Diels PPI, 75719 Lanyu, Taitung County, southern Taiwan 200–300
Stephania tetrandra S. Moore PPI, 76089 Majia, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 30–50
Tinospora dentata Diels PPI, 76066 Shihkechienshan, Pingtung County, southern Taiwan 700–800