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  1. Foraminispora rugosa is a species reported from Brazil, Venezuela, French Guiana, Costa Rica and Cuba. It is a basidiomycete in the Ganodermataceae family. In this study, both chemical composition and cytotoxicit...

    Authors: V. O. Garcia, M. Fronza, R. Von Borowski, G. Alves-Silva, A. R. Zimmer, T. Ruaro, S. C. B. Gnoatto, A. Dallegrave and R. M. B. Silveira
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:33
  2. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most important forage crops, but its seed productivity varies from year to year due to weather conditions. Alfalfa is a forage crop rich in nutrients which makes it valu...

    Authors: Igor Kuznetsov, Ilgiz Asylbaev, Alexey Dmitriev, Asiya Nizaeva and Anvar Shakirzyanov
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:31
  3. Water scarcity is responsible for losses in the yield of many plants and this is expected to continue due to climate change. However, cowpea which is known for its drought tolerance, is considered as a plant w...

    Authors: MirReza Miri, Farshad Ghooshchi, Hamid Reza Tohidi Moghadam, HamidReza Larijani and Pourang Kasraie
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:30
  4. Previous investigations carried out in ultramafic habitats emphasized the greater importance of site conditions over soil toxic metal content for vegetation composition. Very little is known about the floristi...

    Authors: Gheorghe Coldea, Dan Gafta, Gavril Negrean, Adrian Ilie Stoica and Bogdan-Iuliu Hurdu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:29

    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2022 63:32

  5. Cypripedium subtropicum is a unique, endangered lady’s slipper orchid with evergreen leaves on non-dormant shoots that is native to southwestern China. This study documents the major developmental events in C. su...

    Authors: Holger Perner, Rong Zhou, Wenqing Perner, Hong Jiang and Yung-I. Lee
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:28
  6. Cambium in lianas, responsible for secondary growth, develop diverse and diagnostic traits during the climbing phase. Studies on the cross-section of Taiwanese liana cambial variants are scarce. We collected m...

    Authors: Sheng-Zehn Yang, Po-Hao Chen and Jian-Jhong Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:27
  7. The eggplant suffers from many biotic stresses that cause severe damage to crop production. One of the most destructive eggplant pathogens is Alternaria solani, which causes early blight disease. A pot experiment...

    Authors: Mohamed S. Attia, Amr H. Hashem, Ali A. Badawy and Amer M. Abdelaziz
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:26
  8. Rice is a key global food crop. Rice lodging causes a reduction in plant height and crop yield, and rice is prone to lodging in the late growth stage because of panicle initiation. We used two water irrigation...

    Authors: Dong-Hong Wu, Chung-Tse Chen, Ming-Der Yang, Yi-Chien Wu, Chia-Yu Lin, Ming-Hsin Lai and Chin-Ying Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:25
  9. Saline land in coastal areas has great potential for crop cultivation. Improving salt tolerance in rice is a key to expanding the available area for its growth and thus improving global food security. Seed pri...

    Authors: Anik Hidayah, Rizka Rohmatin Nisak, Febri Adi Susanto, Tri Rini Nuringtyas, Nobutoshi Yamaguchi and Yekti Asih Purwestri
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:24
  10. Studying the floristic diversity of a certain forest is a basic aspect of the design and management of forest vegetation; and consequently this study focused on the plant diversity and community analysis of th...

    Authors: Alemayehu Kefalew, Teshome Soromessa and Sebsebe Demissew
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:23
  11. Plant growth and development are severely affected by soil salinity. This study was carried out to evaluate the interaction of foliar application of antioxidants (β-carotene and gallic acid) and salt stress on Le...

    Authors: Marziyeh Babaei, Leila Shabani and Shahla Hashemi-Shahraki
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:22
  12. Blumea plants are widely distributed in the tropical areas of Asia, Africa, and Australia, especially tropical Asia. Limited studies left the taxonomy and infrageneric phylogeny of Blumea insubstantial. Here, a n...

    Authors: Shih-Wen Chung, Wei-Jie Huang, Zhi-Hao Chen and Shih-Hui Liu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:21
  13. Medical plants confer various benefits to human health and their bioconversion through microbial fermentation can increase efficacy, reduce toxicity, conserve resources and produce new chemical components. In ...

    Authors: Yu-Pei Chen, Hong-Tan Wu, Ing-Er Hwang, Fang-Fang Chen, Jeng-Yuan Yao, Yiling Yin, Meng-Yun Chen, Li-Ling Liaw and Yang-Cheng Kuo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:20
  14. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is the most cultivated forage plant as a model in legumes. Salinity stress due to Na+ toxicity causes severe, oxidative stress as a main reason for program cell death (PCD) in plants....

    Authors: Shabnam Jalili, Ali Akbar Ehsanpour and Seyed Morteza Javadirad
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:19
  15. Low temperature, which is one of the main environmental factors that limits geographical distribution and sucrose yield, is a common abiotic stress during the growth and development of sugar beet. As a regulat...

    Authors: Jiali Long, Wang Xing, Yuguang Wang, Zedong Wu, Wenjing Li, Yi Zou, Jiaping Sun, Fushun Zhang and Zhi Pi
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:18
  16. Potato taste defect (PTD) of coffee is characterized by a raw potato like smell that leads to a lower quality taste in the brewed coffee, and harms the commercial value of some East African coffees. Although s...

    Authors: Amanda R. Hale, Paul M. Ruegger, Philippe Rolshausen, James Borneman and Jiue-in Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:17
  17. Nitrogen is an essential macronutrient for plant growth and development. Crops with a high nitrogen input usually have high yields. However, outbreaks of brown planthoppers (Nilaparvata lugens; BPH) frequently oc...

    Authors: Shau-Ching Lin, Yi Li, Fang-Yu Hu, Chih-Lu Wang, Yun-Hung Kuang, Chang-Lin Sung, Shin-Fu Tsai, Zhi-Wei Yang, Charng-Pei Li, Shou-Horng Huang, Chung-Ta Liao, Sherry Lou Hechanova, Kshirod K. Jena and Wen-Po Chuang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:16
  18. Salinized soils negatively affect plant growth, so it has become necessary to use safe and eco-friendly methods to mitigate this stress. In a completely randomized design, a pot experiment was carried out to e...

    Authors: Amal M. Omer, Mahmoud S. Osman and Ali A. Badawy
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:15
  19. N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAGase) could liberate N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from GlcNAc-containing oligosaccharides. Trichoderma spp. is an important source of chitinase, particularly NAGase for industrial use.

    Authors: Jheng-Hua Huang, Feng-Jin Zeng, Jhe-Fu Guo, Jian-Yuan Huang, Hua-Chian Lin, Chaur-Tsuen Lo and Wing-Ming Chou
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:14
  20. Plants use different mechanisms to transport the collected fog water. Leaf traits of wheat play an important role in directing fog water through leaf rolling and leaf angle into the root zone, where it can be ...

    Authors: Sabah Merrium, Zulfiqar Ali, Muhammad Habib-ur-Rahman, Sadia Hakeem and Muhammad Arslan Khalid
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:13
  21. The root drugs of the family Apocynaceae are medicinally important and used in Indian Systems of Medicine (ISM). There is often a problem of misidentification and adulteration of genuine samples with other sam...

    Authors: Pankaj Kumar, Anil Bhushan, Prasoon Gupta and Sumeet Gairola
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:12
  22. Taichung Native 1 (TN1) is the first semidwarf rice cultivar that initiated the Green Revolution. As TN1 is a direct descendant of the Dee-geo-woo-gen cultivar, the source of the sd1 semidwarf gene, the sd1 gene ...

    Authors: Jerome P. Panibe, Long Wang, Yi-Chen Lee, Chang-Sheng Wang and Wen-Hsiung Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:9
  23. The soybean is an important food crop worldwide. Drought during the first pod stage significantly affects soybean yield, and understanding the metabolomic and physiological changes in soybeans under drought st...

    Authors: Xiyue Wang, Yongping Li, Xiaojing Wang, Xiaomei Li and Shoukun Dong
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:8
  24. Host specificity among pollinator fig wasps (Agaonidae) depends on host plant specific volatile cues, but fig wasps must also pass through a narrow physical barrier (the ostiole) if they are to pollinate and o...

    Authors: Hui Yu, Zhiwei Zhang, Lu Liu, Yufen Cheng, Xiaoxia Deng, Simon T. Segar and Stephen G. Compton
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:7
  25. Understanding the relationships between nutrition, human health and plant food source is among the highest priorities for public health. Therefore, enhancing the minerals content such as iron (Fe), zinc (Zn) a...

    Authors: Samar G. Thabet, Dalia Z. Alomari, Henrik Brinch-Pedersen and Ahmad M. Alqudah
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:6
  26. Salt stress is often associated with excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress caused by the accumulation of ROS is a major factor that negatively affects crop growth and yield. R...

    Authors: He Liu, Xiaoxue Du, Jialin Zhang, Jinna Li, Sixue Chen, Huizi Duanmu and Haiying Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:5
  27. Seed viability testing is essential in plant conservation and research. Seed viability testing determines the success of ex-situ conservation efforts, such as seed banking but commonly testing protocols of orchid...

    Authors: Namrata Pradhan, Xuli Fan, Francesco Martini, Huayang Chen, Hong Liu, Jiangyun Gao and Uromi Manage Goodale
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:3

    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2022 63:10

  28. Against the background of a changing climate, the responses of functional traits of plateau wetland plants to increasing temperatures and CO2 concentrations need to be understood. Hydraulic traits are the key for...

    Authors: Yao Zhao, Mei Sun, Huijun Guo, Chunhui Feng, Zhenya Liu and Junping Xu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:2
  29. The oogamous green algal genus Volvox exhibits extensive diversity in mating systems, including heterothallism and homothallism with unisexual (male and/or female) and/or bisexual spheroids. Although four mating ...

    Authors: Hisayoshi Nozaki, Wuttipong Mahakham, Wirawan Heman, Ryo Matsuzaki and Masanobu Kawachi
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:1
  30. Cymbidium goeringii, belonging to the Orchidaceae family, is an important ornamental plant with striking petals and lips. Extremely diversified floral patterns and morphologies make C. goeringii good research mat...

    Authors: Yue Chen, Zihan Xu, Qi Shen and Chongbo Sun
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:23
  31. Water-deficit stress is known as one of the most severe environmental stresses affecting the growth of plants through marked reduction of water uptake, which leads to osmotic stress by lowering water potential...

    Authors: Fatemeh Ebrahimi, Amin Salehi, Mohsen Movahedi Dehnavi, Amin Mirshekari, Mohammad Hamidian and Saeid Hazrati
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:22

    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2022 63:4

  32. Phosphorus (P) is the limiting nutrient in many mature tropical forests. The ecological significance of declining P stocks as soils age is exacerbated by much of the remaining P being progressively sequestered...

    Authors: Chih-Yu Chiu, Ian Baillie, Shih-Hao Jien, Liam Hallett and Stephen Hallett
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:20
  33. Based on world experience, first, a modern assessment of the flora is needed to develop strategies for the conservation of ecosystems of rare and endangered plant species. A regional and global biodiversity st...

    Authors: Serik A. Kubentayev, Moldir Zh. Zhumagul, Meruyert S. Kurmanbayeva, Daniar T. Alibekov, Jurii A. Kotukhov, Gulnara T. Sitpayeva, Saule K. Mukhtubayeva and Klara S. Izbastina
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:19
  34. Many groups of fungi live as an endophyte in plants. Both published and undiscovered bioactive compounds can be found in endophytic fungi. Various biological activities of bioactive compounds from endophytic f...

    Authors: Safwan Safwan, George Hsiao, Tzong-Huei Lee and Ching-Kuo Lee
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:18
  35. Salt stress is a major abiotic stress that limits plant growth, development and productivity. Studying the molecular mechanisms of salt stress tolerance may help to enhance crop productivity. Sugar beet monoso...

    Authors: Jinna Li, Kun Wang, Meichao Ji, Tingyue Zhang, Chao Yang, He Liu, Sixue Chen, Hongli Li and Haiying Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:16
  36. The technique of symbiotic germination—using mycorrhizal fungi to propagate orchids from seed in vitro—has been used as one method to cultivate orchids in North America and abroad for > 30 years. A long-held a...

    Authors: Lawrence W. Zettler and Caleb J. Dvorak
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:14
  37. Agricultural management and temporal change including climate conditions and soil properties can result in the alteration of soil enzymatic activity and bacterial community, respectively. Therefore, different ...

    Authors: Yu-Pei Chen, Chia-Fang Tsai, Asif Hameed, Yu-Jen Chang and Chiu-Chung Young
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:13
  38. Bamboos, widely distributed in temperate and tropical Asia, Africa and America, refer to a group of special plants in Poaceae, Bambusoideae. China is rich in bamboo species. However, due to a long flowering cy...

    Authors: Zhuo-Yu Cai, Xin-Xin Zhou, Khoon-Meng Wong and Nian-He Xia
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:12
  39. Hedychium gardnerianum Sheph. ex Ker Gawl. is one of the 100 world's worst invasive alien species and the research target in areas as diverse as biological control, natural fibres uses, taxonomy or the biological...

    Authors: Maria João Pereira, Telmo Eleutério, Maria Gabriela Meirelles and Helena Cristina Vasconcelos
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:11
  40. By transporting and scarifying the seeds during ingestion, avian frugivores reduce the competition with siblings, and may improve the germination which is critical for dispersal effectiveness and population re...

    Authors: L. R. Vukeya, T. M. Mokotjomela, N. J. Malebo and S. Oke
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:10
  41. Nowadays, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as a new lighting technology, have been emerged as an alternative source of light for plants due to their wavelength specificity, the narrow width of their bands, small s...

    Authors: Tayebeh Ahmadi, Leila Shabani and Mohammad R. Sabzalian
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:9
  42. The soil quality and health of the tea plantations are dependent on agriculture management practices, and long-term chemical fertilizer use is implicated in soil decline. Hence, several sustainable practices a...

    Authors: Yu-Pei Chen, Chia-Fang Tsai, P. D. Rekha, Sudeep D. Ghate, Hsi-Yuan Huang, Yi-Han Hsu, Li-Ling Liaw and Chiu-Chung Young
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:8
  43. White sweet potato (WSP; Ipomoea batatas L. Simon No. 1) has many potential beneficial effects on metabolic control and diabetes-related insulin resistance. The improvement of insulin resistance by WSP tuber extr...

    Authors: Lie-Fen Shyur, Viola Varga, Chiao-Ming Chen, Shu-Chi Mu, Yu-Chih Chang and Sing-Chung Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:7

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