Botanical Studies

An International Journal

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  1. Original Article

    A method for facilitating the seed germination of a mycoheterotrophic orchid, Gastrodia pubilabiata, using decomposed leaf litter harboring a basidiomycete fungus, Mycena sp.

    Mycoheterotrophic plants are one of the most difficult plant groups to conserve because they are entirely dependent on symbiotic fungi. Establishment of viable culture systems would greatly aid their conservat...

    Kana Higaki, Kento Rammitsu, Yumi Yamashita, Tomohisa Yukawa and Yuki Ogura-Tsujita

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:59

    Published on: 8 December 2017

  2. Original Article

    Photosynthetic gas exchange responses of Swietenia macrophylla King and Melia azedarach L. plantations under drought conditions

    The environmental stresses caused by climate change have become more severe in recent decades, affecting tree growth and physiology. Tropical forests have great potential for global carbon sequestration. Howev...

    Hong-Chyi Jhou, Ya-Nan Wang, Chung-Shien Wu, Jui-Chu Yu and Chung-I Chen

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:57

    Published on: 2 December 2017

  3. Original Article

    Techniques for the collection, transportation, and isolation of orchid endophytes from afar: a case study from Madagascar

    Tropical orchids need more study with respect to their mycorrhizal associations. For researchers in distant countries who aspire to study these orchids augmenting their conservation, the great distances involv...

    Lawrence W. Zettler, Landy Rajaovelona, Kazutomo Yokoya, Jonathan P. Kendon, Andrew L. Stice, Amanda E. Wood and Viswambharan Sarasan

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:54

    Published on: 28 November 2017

  4. Original article

    Phylogenetic Classification of Seed Plants of Taiwan

    Biological classification, the hierarchical arrangement of scientific names of organisms, constitutes the core infrastructure of biological databases. For an efficient management of biological databases, adopt...

    Cheng-Tao Lin and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:52

    Published on: 21 November 2017

  5. Original article

    Tobacco plants expressing the maize nitrate transporter ZmNrt2.1 exhibit altered responses of growth and gene expression to nitrate and calcium

    Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitr...

    Abubakar Ibrahim, Xiao-Lu Jin, Yu-Bin Zhang, Jessica Cruz, Paveena Vichyavichien, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Xing-Hai Zhang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:51

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  6. Original article

    Soil respiration patterns and rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations: dependence on elevation, temperature, precipitation, and litterfall

    Soil respiration contributes to a large quantity of carbon emissions in the forest ecosystem. In this study, the soil respiration rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations (two lowland and one mid-elevation)...

    Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  7. Original article

    Re-emergence of Lilium callosum Sieb. et Zucc. in Taiwan after a fire allows propagation and renews the possibility of conservation

    Lilium callosum is native to Taiwan, but little is known about it since it has been considered extinct since 1915. After the rediscovery of this rare species after a fire in 2011 in Tu...

    Ying Chun Chen, Yang Jung Huang, Chiu Mei Wang, Chin An Chiu, Huey Ling Lin, Pei Fang Lee, Ya Ming Cheng and Chen Chang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:47

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  8. Original article

    Characterization of LhSorTGA2, a novel TGA2-like protein that interacts with LhSorNPR1 in oriental hybrid lily Sorbonne

    Non-expressor of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1) regulates expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes by interacting with TGA family proteins during systemic acquired resistance (SAR). However, no TGA-like...

    Le Wang, Zhihong Guo, Yubao Zhang, Yajun Wang, Li Wang, Guo Yang, Wenmei Li, Ruoyu Wang and Zhongkui Xie

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:46

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  9. Original article

    Identification of seeds based on molecular markers and secondary metabolites in Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis

    Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis (Leguminosae), whose seeds have similar appearance and chemical constituents, are easily confused in using their seeds. To elucidate the simila...

    Renjun Mao, Pengguo Xia, Zhigui He, Yan Liu, Fenghua Liu, Hongguang Zhao, Ruilian Han and Zongsuo Liang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:43

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  10. Original article

    Synergistic effects of plant defense elicitors and Trichoderma harzianum on enhanced induction of antioxidant defense system in tomato against Fusarium wilt disease

    Plant defense against their pathogens can be induced by a complex network of different inducers. The present study investigates the synergistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum, exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and m...

    Andleeb Zehra, Mukesh Meena, Manish Kumar Dubey, Mohd. Aamir and R. S. Upadhyay

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:44

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  11. Original article

    Identification of differentially expressed genes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) leaves and roots under drought stress by RNA sequencing

    Sunflower is recognized as one of the most important oil plants with strong tolerance to drought in the world. In order to study the response mechanisms of sunflower plants to drought stress, gene expression p...

    Chunbo Liang, Wenjun Wang, Jing Wang, Jun Ma, Cen Li, Fei Zhou, Shuquan Zhang, Ying Yu, Liguo Zhang, Weizhong Li and Xutang Huang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:42

    Published on: 25 October 2017

  12. Original article

    Transcriptome analysis reveals the genetic basis underlying the biosynthesis of volatile oil, gingerols, and diarylheptanoids in ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.)

    Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a popular flavoring that widely used in Asian, and the volatile oil in ginger rhizomes adds a special fragrance and taste to foods. The bioactive compounds in ginger, such as...

    Yusong Jiang, Qinhong Liao, Yong Zou, Yiqing Liu and Jianbin Lan

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:41

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  13. Original Article

    Studies of life history of Gagea graeca (Liliaceae) based on morphological and molecular methods

    We studied the life history of Gagea graeca (L.) A. Terracc. (sect. Anthericoides) by field surveys on the Greek island of Crete, including quantitative analyses of 405 individuals, estimation of resource allocat...

    Martin Schnittler, Akmaral Nursafina, Angela Peterson, Jens Peterson, Carl Barnick and Anja Klahr

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:40

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  14. Original Article

    A termite symbiotic mushroom maximizing sexual activity at growing tips of vegetative hyphae

    Termitomyces mushrooms are mutualistically associated with fungus-growing termites, which are widely considered to cultivate a monogenotypic Termitomyces symbiont within a colony. Term...

    Huei-Mei Hsieh, Mei-Chu Chung, Pao-Yang Chen, Fei-Man Hsu, Wen-Wei Liao, Ai-Ning Sung, Chun-Ru Lin, Chung-Ju Rachel Wang, Yu-Hsin Kao, Mei-Jane Fang, Chi-Yung Lai, Chieh-Chen Huang, Jyh-Ching Chou, Wen-Neng Chou, Bill Chia-Han Chang and Yu-Ming Ju

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:39

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  15. Original article

    Whole plastid transcriptomes reveal abundant RNA editing sites and differential editing status in Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana

    RNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, a...

    Ting-Chieh Chen, Yu-Chang Liu, Xuewen Wang, Chi-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Hao Huang and Ching-Chun Chang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:38

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  16. Original Article

    Influence of bio-fertilizer containing beneficial fungi and rhizospheric bacteria on health promoting compounds and antioxidant activity of Spinacia oleracea L.

    This study evaluates the influences of bio fertilizers containing mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus mosseae) individually or in combination with N-fixer (Azotobacter chroococcum), K solubilizer (Baci...

    Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Fayaz Asad and Danfeng Huang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:35

    Published on: 16 August 2017

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