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Table 1 Stand characteristics and soil properties from surface level to a depth of 10 cm in the selected stands at TN, TC, and NT plantations in Taiwan

From: Soil respiration patterns and rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations: dependence on elevation, temperature, precipitation, and litterfall

Site Elevation (m) MAT (°C) MAP (mm) Dominant vegetation Trees (multi-trunks) density (No. ha−1) Mean trunk DBH (cm) Basal area (m2 ha−1) Canopy height (m) LAIa Litterfall (Mg C ha−1 year−1) Soil texture pH Soil organic carbon (%)
TN1 14 24.3 1698 L. chinensis 560 (1566) ± 134 (492) 16.7 ± 0.6 40.7 ± 3.2 11.8 4.4 5.4 ± 0.7 Loam 4.7 ± 0.1 2.2 ± 0.2
TN2 13    E. javanica 321 (2821) ± 91(855) 12.8 ± 0.7 68.5 ± 12.1 10.6 3.9 5.8 ± 1.1 Sandy loam 4.8 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.1
TC1 110 23.0 1347 A. confusa 2360 ± 433 10.0 ± 0.9 21.7 ± 3.8 9.3 3.3 3.8 ± 0.2 Loam 3.9 ± 0.1 4.9 ± 0.4
TC2 110    A. confusa 2533 ± 985 9.9 ± 2.7 21.0 ± 3.6 8.4 3.3 3.8 ± 0.2 Loam 3.8 ± 0.0 4.5 ± 0.1
NT1 1150 16.6 2635 C. japonica 408 ± 22 48.6 ± 1.2 77.9 ± 5.9 29.0 4.0 2.0 ± 0.4 Loam 4.0 ± 0.3 17.2 ± 2.8
NT2 1250    C. japonica 617 ± 8 35.3 ± 1.0 63.7 ± 4.4 26.0 3.4 1.9 ± 0.2 Sandy loam 5.8 ± 0.1 3.4 ± 0.8
NT3 1370    C. japonica 1358 ± 162 23.1 ± 0.4 59.7 ± 4.0 20.8 4.5 3.6 ± 0.8 Loam 4.5 ± 0.1 4.3 ± 0.8
  1. Climate data referred to Central Weather Bureau, Taiwan; Stand structure referred to Cheng et al. (2013a, b, 2016b) and Lin et al. (2011)
  2. MAT mean annual temperature, MAP mean annual precipitation
  3. a LAI leaf area index, was determined using a LI-COR 2200 (LI-COR Comp., Lincoln, Nebraska, USA)