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Table 3 Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) for Begonia luzhaiensis based on EST-SSR loci and trnC-ycf6 spacer sequence (cpDNA)

From: Phylogeography of Begonia luzhaiensis suggests both natural and anthropogenic causes for the marked population genetic structure

Source of variation EST-SSR cpDNA
d.f. Sum of squares Variance components Fixation indices Percentage of variation d.f. Sum of squares Variance components Fixation indices Percentage of variation
(a) Non-grouping
 Among populations 2 196.28 0.932   56.288* 2 65.36 0.782   63.46**
 Within populations 321 232.25 0.724 Fst = 0.563 43.72** 128 57.66 0.450 Fst = 0.635 36.54**
 Total 323 429.53 1.656    130 123.02 1.232   
(b) Groupinga
 Among groups 2 196.28 0.798 Fct = 0.483 48.32** 2 65.36 0.563 Fct = 0.457 44.73**
 Among populations within groups 9 81.32 0.369 Fsc = 0.433 22.38** 13 54.26 0.640 Fsc = 0.956 51.89**
 Within populations 312 150.94 0.484 Fst = 0.707 29.30* 116 3.40 0.029 Fst = 0.976 2.38**
 Total 323 428.53 1.651    130 123.02 1.233   
  1. Fst: fixation index within population; Fsc: fixation index among populations within groups; Fct: fixation index among groups
  2. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.001
  3. aGrouping based on Structure and PCoA’s results