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  1. Figs are key resources for tropical frugivores and display unique fruiting patterns. While monoecious figs support both seeds and wasp rearing, dioecious plants perform the tasks separately and produce seeded ...

    Authors: Yu-Ting Huang, Ya-Fu Lee, Yen-Min Kuo, Sing-Yi Chang and Chia-Ling Wu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:27

    Content type: Original Article

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  2. Chitosan is a polycationic polysaccharide derived from chitin that has been recognized as an effective elicitor in the production of secondary metabolites of many medicinal plants. In this study, the effect of...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Fooladi vanda, Leila Shabani and Roya Razavizadeh

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:26

    Content type: Original Article

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  3. Lipids and starch are important feedstocks for bioenergy production. Genetic studies on the biosyntheses of lipids and starch in green microalgae have drawn significant attention recently. In these studies, qu...

    Authors: Tze Ching Yong, Chia-Sheng Chiu and Ching-Nen Nathan Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:25

    Content type: Original Article

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  4. Endosperm is a triploid tissue in seed resulting from a sperm nucleus fused with the binucleate central cell after double fertilization. Endosperm may be involved in metabolite production, solute transport, nu...

    Authors: Ming-Der Shih, Jian-Shin Lin, Mei-Jane Fang, Yuan-Ching Tsai and Yue-Ie C. Hsing

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:24

    Content type: Original Article

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  5. Agriculture is highly dependent on climate. Increases in temperature caused by global warming pose challenges for crop production. Heat stress induces oxidative damage to cell membranes and then causes cell de...

    Authors: Yu-Sian Wu and Chin-Ying Yang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:23

    Content type: Original Article

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  6. In the past two decades, biologists have been able to identify the gene signatures associated with various phenotypes through the monitoring of gene expressions with high-throughput biotechnologies. These gene...

    Authors: Li-yu Daisy Liu, Ya-Chun Hsiao, Hung-Chi Chen, Yun-Wei Yang and Men-Chi Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:22

    Content type: Original Article

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  7. Plumbagin is one of the pharmaceutically important biomolecule with anticancer potential. Among the plants reported to produce plumbagin, P. zeylanica topped the list. The plumbagin production is very slow with l...

    Authors: Namdeo B. Andhale, Mohd. Shahnawaz and Avinash B. Ade

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:21

    Content type: Original Article

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  8. Sino-Vietnamese limestone karsts (SVLK) are a biodiversity hotspot rich in endemic plant species associated with caves and cave-like microhabitats. Based on phylogenetic studies of Begonia sect. Coelocentrum, a s...

    Authors: Yu-Hsin Tseng, Han-Yau Huang, Wei-Bin Xu, Hsun-An Yang, Ching-I Peng, Yan Liu and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:20

    Content type: Original Article

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  9. Taichung Native 1 (TN1), a variety of rice (Oryza sativa L.) developed in Taiwan, has played a key role in the green revolution of this major staple crop because of its semi-dwarf characteristics. Due to its susc...

    Authors: Yi Li, Yung-Fen Huang, Shou-Horng Huang, Yun-Hung Kuang, Chih-Wei Tung, Chung-Ta Liao and Wen-Po Chuang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:19

    Content type: Original Article

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  10. The Gesneriaceae genus Chiritopsis, confined almost exclusively to cave or cave-like microhabitats of limestone karsts of southern China, was described to distinguish it from Chirita by much smaller flowers and g...

    Authors: Wei-Bin Xu, Hsuan Chang, Jie Huang and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:18

    Content type: Original Article

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  11. Majority of the species within Senecioneae are classified in Senecio, making it the tribe’s largest genus. Certain intergeneric relationships within the tribe are vaguely defined, with the genus Senecio being par...

    Authors: Andrew Wanyoike Gichira, Sheila Avoga, Zhizhong Li, Guangwan Hu, Qingfeng Wang and Jinming Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:17

    Content type: Original Article

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  12. Hericium erinaceus, also known as lion’s mane mushroom, is a widely distributed edible and medicinal fungus in Asian countries. H. erinaceus harbors diverse bioactive metabolites with anticancer, immunomodulating...

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Zongfu Tang, Jun Zhang, Xin Li, Ziqian Yang, Chun Yang, Zhaofeng Zhang and Zuoxi Huang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:15

    Content type: Original Paper

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  13. Cold stress is the main factor that reduces rice yield in subtropical areas, especially at the seedling stage. Most of the current studies on cold stress focus the responses of rice shoots to cold stress. Limi...

    Authors: Ching Hsin Hsu and Yi Ting Hsu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:14

    Content type: Original Article

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  14. Salinity is a significant environmental stress factor limiting crops productivity. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has a natural tolerance to salinity stress, making it an interesting study object in stress biology r...

    Authors: Faiza Boussora, Mohamed Allam, Ferdaous Guasmi, Ali Ferchichi, Twan Rutten, Mats Hansson, Helmy M. Youssef and Andreas Börner

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:13

    Content type: Original Article

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  15. Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the main crops in the world, and more than 3.9 billion people will consume rice by 2025. Sterility significantly affects rice production and leads to yield defects. The undeveloped a...

    Authors: Chia-Ling Chang, Jerry C. Serapion, Han-Hui Hung, Yan-Cheng Lin, Yuan-Ching Tsai, Wann-Neng Jane, Men-Chi Chang, Ming-Hsin Lai and Yue-ie C. Hsing

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:12

    Content type: Original Article

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  16. Many commercially important drug and flavor compounds are secondary metabolites of terpenoid origin. Pogostemon cablin, a commercially important industrial and medicinal crop, accumulates abundant patchouli oil c...

    Authors: Yun Tang, Liting Zhong, Xiaobing Wang, Hai Zheng and Likai Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:11

    Content type: Original Article

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  17. Haworthia are desert succulents belonging to the Asphodelaceae family. Haworthia species are cultivated commercially as ornamentals and some rare species are quite valuable at retail market but growth slowly and ...

    Authors: Yen-Ming Chen, Jian-Zhi Huang, Ting-Wen Hou and I-Chun Pan

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:10

    Content type: Original Article

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  18. There were few report concerning anti-glycation and antioxidant activities of the minor amounts of components in curcuminoids, demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin, in vitro and in vivo.

    Authors: Yuh-Hwa Liu, Tai-Lin Lee, Chuan-Hsiao Han, Yi-Shan Lee and Wen-Chi Hou

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:9

    Content type: Original Article

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  19. Anoectochilus roxburghii is known for its medicinal properties, culinary interests, and ornamental applications in Asian countries. Recent studies focus mainly on its phytochemical properties and little is known ...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuan Li, Zhi-Xia Meng, Ying Zhang, Shun-Xing Guo and Yung-I Lee

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:6

    Content type: Original Article

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  20. Melastoma has undergone rapid species radiation during the last one million years, and circumscription of some species in the genus has remained controversial. Melastoma kudoi, an erect species narrowly endemic t...

    Authors: Jin-Hong Dai, Che-Wei Lin, Qiu-Jie Zhou, Chun-Mei Li, Ren-Chao Zhou and Ying Liu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:5

    Content type: Original Article

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  21. Acanthus ilicifolius var. xiamenensis (Acanthaceae) is an old world mangrove species and has long been used as a folk remedy for treating various ailments in traditional medicine. The nature source of A. ilicifol...

    Authors: Wei-Chiung Chi, Ka-Lai Pang, Wei-Ling Chen, Guei-Jane Wang and Tzong-Huei Lee

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:4

    Content type: Original Article

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  22. Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is a model plant for studying salt-tolerant mechanisms in higher plants. Many salt stress-responsive ice plant genes have been identified with molecular and biochemica...

    Authors: Hau-Hsuan Hwang, Chih-Hao Wang, Hsiao-Huei Chen, Jia-Fang Ho, Shin-Fei Chi, Fan-Chen Huang and Hungchen Emilie Yen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:1

    Content type: Original Article

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  23. Rice blast, caused by Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important rice disease occurring in all rice-growing areas. To manage blast disease effectively and in an environmentally friendly way, it is important to continual...

    Authors: Heng-An Lin, Szu-Yu Chen, Fang-Yu Chang, Chih-Wei Tung, Yi-Chia Chen, Wei-Chiang Shen, Ruey-Shyang Chen, Chih-Wen Wu and Chia-Lin Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:32

    Content type: Original Article

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  24. Encrustation and element content (Ca, Fe, K, Mg and P) of charophytes was studied along plant thalli to investigate the dependency of thallus age and site-specificity. Charophytes were collected from five samp...

    Authors: Anne Herbst and Hendrik Schubert

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:31

    Content type: Original Article

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  25. Sapria is a distinctive and narrowly host-specific holoparasitic genus belonging to the Rafflesiaceae. Sapria himalayana, rare throughout its range from NE India, SW China, Thailand to Vietnam, is a little-unders...

    Authors: Hữu Đăng Trần, Hồng Trường Lưu, Quốc Đạt Nguyễn, Hiếu Cường Nguyễn, Parusuraman Athen and K. M. Wong

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:29

    Content type: Original Article

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  26. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) serves as important grain crop widely cultivated in the world, which is often suffered by drought stress in natural conditions. As one of the most important post translation modificat...

    Authors: Fei Luo, Xiong Deng, Yue Liu and Yueming Yan

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:28

    Content type: Original Article

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  27. Most genera of Fagaceae are thought to have originated in the temperate regions except for the genus Lithocarpus, the stone oaks. Lithocarpus is distributed in subtropical and tropical Asia, and its ancestral pop...

    Authors: Chih-Kai Yang, Yu-Chung Chiang, Bing-Hong Huang, Li-Ping Ju and Pei-Chun Liao

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:27

    Content type: Original Article

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  28. There are estimated 180–220 species of Tuber described in the world, but the diversity of the genus in Taiwan is poorly known, with only two species recorded, i.e., Tuber formosanum and T. furfuraceum. During our...

    Authors: Chieh-Lung Lin, Ming-Jer Tsai, Chuen-Hsu Fu, Tun-Tschu Chang, Hoi-Tung Li and King-Fai Wong

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:25

    Content type: Original Article

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  29. Bilateral symmetry flower (zygomorphy) is the ancestral state for Gesneriaceae species. Yet independent reversions to actinomorphy have been parallelly evolved in several lineages. Conandron ramondioides is a nat...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Hsin and Chun-Neng Wang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:24

    Content type: Original Article

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  30. Seed size has been extensively studied in crop plants, as it determines crop yield. However, the mechanism of seed development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the mechanism of seed development in r...

    Authors: Kyu Ho Lee, Sang Woo Park, Yeon Jeong Kim, Yeon Jong Koo, Jong Tae Song and Hak Soo Seo

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:23

    Content type: Original Article

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  31. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is a typical monoecism vegetable with individual male and female flowers, which has been used as a plant model for sex determination. It is well known that light is one of the most i...

    Authors: Jiali Song, Yiting Zhang, Shiwei Song, Wei Su, Riyuan Chen, Guangwen Sun, Yanwei Hao and Houcheng Liu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:21

    Content type: Original Article

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  32. Invasions by non-native plants contribute to loss of ecosystem biodiversity and productivity, modification of biogeochemical cycles, and inhibition of natural regeneration of native species. Japanese stiltgrass (

    Authors: Lela Z. Culpepper, Hsiao-Hsuan Wang, Tomasz E. Koralewski, William E. Grant and William E. Rogers

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:20

    Content type: Original Article

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  33. Hemispherical photography (HP) is a popular method to estimate canopy structure and understorey light environment, which analyses photographs acquired with wide view-angle lens (i.e. fisheye lens). To increase...

    Authors: Guo-Zhang M. Song, Kuo-Jung Chao, David Doley and David Yates

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:19

    Content type: Original Article

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  34. Blepharis constitutes an important part of the vegetation of the Jordanian arid and semi-arid regions, yet whether one or more species of this genus occurs in the Jordanian area is uncertain. We addressed this qu...

    Authors: Riyadh Muhaidat, Mohammad H. Brake, Mazhar Al Zoubi, Robert I. Colautti, Amjad Al-Nasser, Muheeb Awawdeh, Khalid Al-Batayneh, Wesam Al Khateeb, Athena D. McKown, Jamil Lahham and Ahmad El-Oqlah

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:18

    Content type: Original Article

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  35. The coprophilous ascomycete Sordaria fimicola usually reproduces sexually. Sexual differentiation in S. fimicola is accompanied by cellular and morphological changes, followed by multicellular tissue development ...

    Authors: Kulsumpun Krobanan and Wei-Chiang Shen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:17

    Content type: Original Article

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  36. Previously, we found that Arabidopsis plants transformed with a construct containing the promoter of Oshsp17.3 from rice fused to the β-glucuronidase gene (GUS), Oshsp17.3Pro::GUS (Oshsp17.3p), showed a GUS signa...

    Authors: Kuan-Fu Lin, Meng-Yu Tsai, Chung-An Lu, Shaw-Jye Wu and Ching-Hui Yeh

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:15

    Content type: Original Article

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  37. Transcription factors could regulate multiple aspects of plants growth and development, which is significant to plants. Ovate family proteins (OFPs) that are named due to contain OVATE domain, a 70-AA C-termin...

    Authors: Yao Tang, Wei Zhang, Yan-Li Yin, Peng Feng, Hong-ling Li and Ying Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:12

    Content type: Original Article

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  38. Tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world. There are many secondary metabolites can be found in tea such as anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavonols and catechins. These secondary metabolites in ...

    Authors: Shun-Wun Ke, Guan-Heng Chen, Chung-Tse Chen, Jason T. C. Tzen and Chin-Ying Yang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:11

    Content type: Original Article

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  39. Volvox carteri f. nagariensis is a model taxon that has been studied extensively at the cellular and molecular level. The most distinctive morphological attribute of V. carteri f. nagariensis within V. carteri is...

    Authors: Hisayoshi Nozaki, Noriko Ueki, Mari Takusagawa, Shota Yamashita, Osami Misumi, Ryo Matsuzaki, Masanobu Kawachi, Yin-Ru Chiang and Jiunn-Tzong Wu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:10

    Content type: Original Article

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