Botanical Studies

An International Journal

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  1. Original article

    Phylogenetic Classification of Seed Plants of Taiwan

    Biological classification, the hierarchical arrangement of scientific names of organisms, constitutes the core infrastructure of biological databases. For an efficient management of biological databases, adopt...

    Cheng-Tao Lin and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:52

    Published on: 21 November 2017

  2. Original article

    Tobacco plants expressing the maize nitrate transporter ZmNrt2.1 exhibit altered responses of growth and gene expression to nitrate and calcium

    Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitr...

    Abubakar Ibrahim, Xiao-Lu Jin, Yu-Bin Zhang, Jessica Cruz, Paveena Vichyavichien, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Xing-Hai Zhang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:51

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  3. Original article

    Soil respiration patterns and rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations: dependence on elevation, temperature, precipitation, and litterfall

    Soil respiration contributes to a large quantity of carbon emissions in the forest ecosystem. In this study, the soil respiration rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations (two lowland and one mid-elevation)...

    Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  4. Original article

    Re-emergence of Lilium callosum Sieb. et Zucc. in Taiwan after a fire allows propagation and renews the possibility of conservation

    Lilium callosum is native to Taiwan, but little is known about it since it has been considered extinct since 1915. After the rediscovery of this rare species after a fire in 2011 in Tu...

    Ying Chun Chen, Yang Jung Huang, Chiu Mei Wang, Chin An Chiu, Huey Ling Lin, Pei Fang Lee, Ya Ming Cheng and Chen Chang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:47

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  5. Original article

    Characterization of LhSorTGA2, a novel TGA2-like protein that interacts with LhSorNPR1 in oriental hybrid lily Sorbonne

    Non-expressor of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1) regulates expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes by interacting with TGA family proteins during systemic acquired resistance (SAR). However, no TGA-like...

    Le Wang, Zhihong Guo, Yubao Zhang, Yajun Wang, Li Wang, Guo Yang, Wenmei Li, Ruoyu Wang and Zhongkui Xie

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:46

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  6. Original article

    Identification of seeds based on molecular markers and secondary metabolites in Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis

    Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis (Leguminosae), whose seeds have similar appearance and chemical constituents, are easily confused in using their seeds. To elucidate the simila...

    Renjun Mao, Pengguo Xia, Zhigui He, Yan Liu, Fenghua Liu, Hongguang Zhao, Ruilian Han and Zongsuo Liang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:43

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  7. Original article

    Synergistic effects of plant defense elicitors and Trichoderma harzianum on enhanced induction of antioxidant defense system in tomato against Fusarium wilt disease

    Plant defense against their pathogens can be induced by a complex network of different inducers. The present study investigates the synergistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum, exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and m...

    Andleeb Zehra, Mukesh Meena, Manish Kumar Dubey, Mohd. Aamir and R. S. Upadhyay

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:44

    Published on: 2 November 2017

  8. Original article

    Identification of differentially expressed genes in sunflower (Helianthus annuus) leaves and roots under drought stress by RNA sequencing

    Sunflower is recognized as one of the most important oil plants with strong tolerance to drought in the world. In order to study the response mechanisms of sunflower plants to drought stress, gene expression p...

    Chunbo Liang, Wenjun Wang, Jing Wang, Jun Ma, Cen Li, Fei Zhou, Shuquan Zhang, Ying Yu, Liguo Zhang, Weizhong Li and Xutang Huang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:42

    Published on: 25 October 2017

  9. Original article

    Transcriptome analysis reveals the genetic basis underlying the biosynthesis of volatile oil, gingerols, and diarylheptanoids in ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.)

    Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a popular flavoring that widely used in Asian, and the volatile oil in ginger rhizomes adds a special fragrance and taste to foods. The bioactive compounds in ginger, such as...

    Yusong Jiang, Qinhong Liao, Yong Zou, Yiqing Liu and Jianbin Lan

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:41

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  10. Original Article

    Studies of life history of Gagea graeca (Liliaceae) based on morphological and molecular methods

    We studied the life history of Gagea graeca (L.) A. Terracc. (sect. Anthericoides) by field surveys on the Greek island of Crete, including quantitative analyses of 405 individuals, estimation of resource allocat...

    Martin Schnittler, Akmaral Nursafina, Angela Peterson, Jens Peterson, Carl Barnick and Anja Klahr

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:40

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  11. Original Article

    A termite symbiotic mushroom maximizing sexual activity at growing tips of vegetative hyphae

    Termitomyces mushrooms are mutualistically associated with fungus-growing termites, which are widely considered to cultivate a monogenotypic Termitomyces symbiont within a colony. Term...

    Huei-Mei Hsieh, Mei-Chu Chung, Pao-Yang Chen, Fei-Man Hsu, Wen-Wei Liao, Ai-Ning Sung, Chun-Ru Lin, Chung-Ju Rachel Wang, Yu-Hsin Kao, Mei-Jane Fang, Chi-Yung Lai, Chieh-Chen Huang, Jyh-Ching Chou, Wen-Neng Chou, Bill Chia-Han Chang and Yu-Ming Ju

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:39

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  12. Original article

    Whole plastid transcriptomes reveal abundant RNA editing sites and differential editing status in Phalaenopsis aphrodite subsp. formosana

    RNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, a...

    Ting-Chieh Chen, Yu-Chang Liu, Xuewen Wang, Chi-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Hao Huang and Ching-Chun Chang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:38

    Published on: 16 September 2017

  13. Original Article

    Influence of bio-fertilizer containing beneficial fungi and rhizospheric bacteria on health promoting compounds and antioxidant activity of Spinacia oleracea L.

    This study evaluates the influences of bio fertilizers containing mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus mosseae) individually or in combination with N-fixer (Azotobacter chroococcum), K solubilizer (Baci...

    Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Fayaz Asad and Danfeng Huang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:35

    Published on: 16 August 2017

  14. Original Article

    Collecting near mature and immature orchid seeds for ex situ conservation: ‘in vitro collecting’ as a case study

    Lack of phenological information and efficient collecting methods are considered impediments for orchid seed collecting. This leads to opportunistic collecting as part of general seed collecting schedules that...

    Jonathan P. Kendon, Landy Rajaovelona, Helen Sandford, Rui Fang, Jake Bell and Viswambharan Sarasan

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:34

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  15. Review

    A perspective on orchid seed and protocorm development

    This perspective draws attention to the functional organization of orchid seed and protocorm during the course of development. The orchid embryos have a well-organized developmental plan generating a blue-prin...

    Edward C. Yeung

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:33

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  16. Original Article

    Starch accumulation in hulless barley during grain filling

    Starch consists of two types of molecules: amylose and amylopectin. The objective of this study was increase understanding about mechanisms related to starch accumulation in hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) gr...

    Xu-guang Zheng, Jun-cang Qi, Hong-shan Hui, Li-hao Lin and Feng Wang

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:30

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  17. Original Article

    Three new species of Begonia sect. Baryandra from Panay Island, Philippines

    The flora of Panay Island is under-collected compared with the other islands of the Philippines. In a joint expedition to the island, botanists from Taiwan and the Philippines found three unknown Begonia species ...

    Ching-I Peng, Rosario Rivera Rubite, Che-Wei Lin, Mark Hughes, Yoshiko Kono and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Botanical Studies 2017 58:28

    Published on: 29 June 2017

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