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  1. Content type: Research

    The cryopreservation of orchid seeds is an important conservation method, studies of the effects of cryopreservation on the seeds of wild orchids are scant. This investigation was to establish a method for the...

    Authors: Wei Hsin Hu, Yue Han Yang, Song Iuan Liaw and Chen Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:33

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  2. Content type: Research

    Saikosaponin-d (SSd) is an important active component of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd., a traditional Chinese medicinal herb. Thus far, the biosynthetic pathway and biosynthetic site of saikosaponins in Buple...

    Authors: Xueyan Zhao, Li Zheng, Jingjing Si, Yan Miao, Yong Peng and Xia Cai

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:32

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  3. Content type: Research

    Systematic acquired resistance (SAR) is an effective broad-spectrum defense mechanism that confers long-lasting protection against biotrophic pathogens trough defense related salicylic acid (SA) signaling. Gen...

    Authors: Jen-Chih Chen, Hsiang-Chia Lu, Cheng-En Chen, Hua-Fang Hsu, Hong-Hwa Chen and Hsin-Hung Yeh

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:31

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  4. Content type: Research

    Glycinebetaine, whose biosynthesis could be catalyzed by choline oxidase (COD), is an extremely efficient compatible solute for scavenging oxidative stress-inducing molecules and protecting the photosynthetic ...

    Authors: Yu-Jie Cheng, Xi-Ping Deng, Sang-Soo Kwak, Wei Chen and Anthony E Eneji

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:30

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  5. Content type: Review

    Phospholipids represent the highly conserved structural basis of biological membranes from bacteria to humans. However, plants and other photoautotrophic organisms are unique in using non-phosphorus galactolip...

    Authors: Yuki Nakamura

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:29

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  6. Content type: Research

    Recently, we discovered an unknown Asarum from Taiwan which is closely related to A. crassisepalum S.F. Huang, T.H. Hsieh and T.C. Huang and A. taipingshanianum S.F. Huang, T.H. Hsieh and T.C. Huang by sharing a ...

    Authors: Chang-Tse Lu, Wen-Liang Chiou and Jenn-Che Wang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:28

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  7. Content type: Research

    The effects of exogenously applied H2O2 on growth, water status, the mineral ion content (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ and Cu2+), proline, total sugars and soluble proteins were assessed in leaves of maize (Zea mays L.) c...

    Authors: Sule Guzel and Rabiye Terzi

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:26

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  8. Content type: Research

    Grammitid ferns are a tropical monophyletic clade nested in Polypodiaceae, containing more than 20 genera and more than 750 species. Many of them also grow in Taiwan. During the survey of recent two decades, a...

    Authors: Shann-Jye Moore, Barbara S Parris, Tzu-Tong Kao, Pi-Fong Lu and Wen-Liang Chiou

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:24

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  9. Content type: Research

    Mycorrhizal associations play a key role in the life cycle and evolutionary history of orchids. All orchids grow from extremely small seeds that are lacking in reserves, and germination and growth into an unde...

    Authors: Qiu-Xia Wang, Ning Yan, Da-Gan Ji, Shu-Yun Li and Hong Hu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:23

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  10. Content type: Research

    The in vivo infectious clone of Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), p35S-TuMV, was used on plant pathology research for many years. To activate p35S-TuMV, the plasmid was mechanically introduced to the local lesion host

    Authors: Yen-Yu Lin, Meng-Mei Fang, Pin-Chun Lin, Ming-Tzu Chiu, Li-Yu Liu, Chan-Pin Lin and Shih-Shun Lin

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:22

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  11. Content type: Research

    Senecio is the largest genus in the Asteraceae family growing in all environments around the world. It displays taxonomic and systematical difficulties. Cytogenetic knowledge of this genus is ancient, scarce and ...

    Authors: Mariana G Lopez, Cecilia C Xifreda, Lidia Poggio and Arturo F Wulff

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:20

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  12. Content type: Research

    Primulina cardaminifolia Yan Liu & W.B. Xu (Gesneriaceae), a distinct new species with imparipinnate leaves, is described and illustrated from a limestone valley in Guangxi Zhuangzu Autonomous Region, China. To a...

    Authors: Wei-Bin Xu, Yan Liu, Yoshiko Kono, Hsuan Chang, Ching-I Peng and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:19

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  13. Content type: Research

    Soil salinity, one of the major abiotic stresses affecting germination, crop growth, and productivity, is a common adverse environmental factor. The possibility of enhancing the salinity stress tolerance of Cassi...

    Authors: Chun-Ping Zhang, Yi-Cun Li, Feng-Gang Yuan, Shi-Jun Hu, Hai-Ying Liu and Ping He

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:18

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  14. Content type: Research

    Abies faxoniana is the dominant plant species of the forest ecosystem on the eastern edge of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, where the treeline is strongly defined by climate. The tree-ring chronologies and age structure ...

    Authors: Zhi-Jiang Zhao, Guo-Zhen Shen, Liu-Yi Tan, Dong-Wei Kang, Meng-Jun Wang, Wen Kang, Wen-Xia Guo, Melanie JB Zeppel, Qiang Yu and Jun-Qing Li

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:15

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  15. Content type: Research

    In the marine brown macroalgae, the morphological characters are highly similar between two widely distributed genera, Homoeostrichus and Zonaria (Dictyotaceae), thereby resulting in the difficulty of exploring t...

    Authors: Wei-Lung Wang, Ching-Su Lin, Wook-Jae Lee and Shao-Lun Liu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:13

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  16. Content type: Research

    The rice gene, OsMADS45, which belongs to the MADS-box E class gene, participates in the regulation of floral development. Previous studies have revealed that ectopic expression of OsMADS45 induces early flowerin...

    Authors: Jiun-Da Wang, Shuen-Fang Lo, Yan-Suan Li, Po-Ju Chen, Shih-Yun Lin, Teh-Yuan Ho, Jenq-Horng Lin and Liang-Jwu Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:12

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  17. Content type: Research

    Essential oils extracted from aromatic plants exhibit important biological activities and have become increasingly important for scientific research. The essential oil extracted from Cinnamomum cassia Presl (CC-E...

    Authors: Chen-Tien Chang, Wen-Lun Chang, Jaw-Cherng Hsu, Ying Shih and Su-Tze Chou

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:10

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  18. Content type: Research

    Several studies have shown that brassinosteroids attenuate the effects of salt stress. However, nothing is known about their effects on amino acid transport, nor the effects of these hormones on nitrate uptake...

    Authors: Ronaldo José Durigan Dalio, Hildete Prisco Pinheiro, Ladaslav Sodek and Claudia Regina Baptista Haddad

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:9

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  19. Content type: Research

    Water hyacinth is an invasive aquatic weed in many regions of the world. In this study, the bioherbicidal potential of allelopathic plant Leucaena leucocephala against water hyacinth was investigated using a leaf...

    Authors: Tsun-Thai Chai, Keng-Fei Ooh, Pei-Wan Ooi, Pei-Sing Chue and Fai-Chu Wong

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:8

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  20. Content type: Research

    Metallothionein (MT) is a group of proteins with low molecular masses and high cysteine contents, and it is classified into different types, which generally contains two domains with typical amino acid sequences.

    Authors: Guan-Jhong Huang, Jeng-Shyan Deng, Hsien-Jung Chen, Shyh-Shyun Huang, Chun-Ching Shih and Yaw-Huei Lin

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:7

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  21. Content type: Research

    Advanced glycation end products (AGE) are substances that can induce insulin resistance in adipocyte, hepatocyte and muscle cells. This resistance correlates highly with cardiovascular disease and diabetic com...

    Authors: Yuh-Hwa Liu, Yeh-Lin Lu, Chuan-Hsiao Han and Wen-Chi Hou

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:6

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  22. Content type: Research

    Shoot regeneration frequency in rice callus is still low and highly diverse among rice cultivars. This study aimed to investigate the association of plant hormone signaling and sucrose uptake and metabolism in...

    Authors: Shiang-Ting Lee and Wen-Lii Huang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:5

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  23. Content type: Research

    The flowering phenology pattern of Atriplex halimus was studied in a Mediterranean habitat in order to analyze protandry effectiveness. Fruit set evolution was recorded over two years and the impact of pre-dis...

    Authors: Prado Romera, Francisca Fernández-Illescas, F Javier J Nieva, Pilar Rodríguez-Rubio, Enrique Sánchez-Gullón and Adolfo F Muñoz-Rodríguez

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:4

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  24. Content type: Research

    Members of the calcified red algal genus, Galaxaura, are distributed predominantly in warm temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions worldwide. The capacity of these algae to form calcified thalli could play a...

    Authors: Shao-Lun Liu, Lawrence M Liao and Wei-Lung Wang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:1

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