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  1. The root major proteins of sweet potato trypsin inhibitors (SPTIs) or named sporamin, estimated for 60 to 80% water-soluble proteins, exhibited many biological activities. The human low-density lipoprotein (LD...

    Authors: Yeh-Lin Lu, Chia-Jung Lee, Shyr-Yi Lin and Wen-Chi Hou
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:26
  2. TCP-domain proteins, plant specific transcription factors, play important roles in various developmental processes. CIN-TCPs control leaf curvature in simple leaf species while regulate leaf complexity in comp...

    Authors: Hsiao-Wei Chen, Po-Lun Lee, Chun-Neng Wang, Hui-Ju Hsu and Jen-Chih Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:24
  3. Posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) is one of the most important mechanisms for plants during viral infection. However, viruses have also developed viral suppressors to negatively control PTGS by inhibit...

    Authors: Sin-Fen Hu, Wei-Lun Wei, Syuan-Fei Hong, Ru-Ying Fang, Hsin-Yi Wu, Pin-Chun Lin, Neda Sanobar, Hsin-Ping Wang, Margo Sulistio, Chun-Ta Wu, Hsiao-Feng Lo and Shih-Shun Lin
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:22
  4. With currently 1980 described species, the mega-diverse Begonia is now perhaps the 5th largest flowering plant genus, expanding rapidly from ca. 900 species in 1997 to its current size in merely two decades. In c...

    Authors: Yan Liu, Yu-Hsin Tseng, Hsun-An Yang, Ai-Qun Hu, Wei-Bin Xu, Che-Wei Lin, Yoshiko Kono, Chiung-Chih Chang, Ching-I Peng and Kuo-Fang Chung
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:21
  5. The dormancy of Adansonia digitata seeds is well known. For propagation purposes, plenty of germination tests were conducted, however, rarely taking the ecology of baobab into account. Our main goal, therefore, i...

    Authors: Thea Lautenschläger, Nele Teutloff, Markus Günther and Christoph Neinhuis
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:19
  6. Changes of soil microbial communities are one of the main factors of continuous cropping problem. Andrographis paniculata has been reported to have replant problem in cultivation. However, little is known about t...

    Authors: Junren Li, Xiuzhen Chen, Simin Li, Zimei Zuo, Ruoting Zhan and Rui He
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:18
  7. The cropping area of genetically modified (GM) crops has constantly increased since 1996. However, currently, cultivating GM crops is associated with many concerns. Transgenes are transferred to non-GM crops t...

    Authors: Yuan-Chih Su, Po-Shung Wang, Jhih-Ling Yang, Hong Hong, Tzu-Kai Lin, Yuan-Kai Tu and Bo-Jein Kuo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:17
  8. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn., a perennial aquatic macrophyte species, has been cultivated in several Asian countries for its economic importance, and medicinal uses. Two distinct ecotypes of the species are recognize...

    Authors: Yeshitila Mekbib, Shi-Xu Huang, Boniface K. Ngarega, Zhi-Zhong Li, Tao Shi, Ke-Fang Ou, Yu-Ting Liang, Jin-Ming Chen and Xing-Yu Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:15
  9. Halophytes are better than glycophytes at employing mechanisms to avoid salt injury, but both types of plants can undergo damage due to high soil salinity. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can mitigate the d...

    Authors: Jing Pan, Fei Peng, Anna Tedeschi, Xian Xue, Tao Wang, Jie Liao, Wenjuan Zhang and Cuihua Huang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:13
  10. In the United States and Canada, ca. one-half of native orchid species are now threatened with extinction. A number of these species are restricted to tallgrass prairies of central North America, such as the E...

    Authors: Hana L. Thixton, Elizabeth J. Esselman, Laura L. Corey and Lawrence W. Zettler
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:12
  11. A number of Xylaria species are exclusively associated with nests of macrotermitine termites. A nesting site of Odontotermes formosanus in eastern Taiwan, which is the only macrotermitine termite known on the isl...

    Authors: Huei-Mei Hsieh, Jyh-Ching Chou and Yu-Ming Ju
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:11
  12. Fritillaria cirrhosa, an important Chinese medicinal herb, is a Class-III protected and highly exploited species by pharmaceutical industry. Dwindling wild populations of species are unable to meet market demand....

    Authors: Hung-Chi Chang, Hui-Min Xie, Maw-Rong Lee, Chiu-Ying Lin, Mei-Kuen Yip, Dinesh Chandra Agrawal and Hsin-Sheng Tsay
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:9
  13. N-acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) are the quorum sensing (QS) signal molecules to coordinate the collective behavior in a population in Gram-negative bacteria. Recent evidences demonstrate their roles in plant .....

    Authors: Qian Zhao, Xiang-Yun Yang, Yao Li, Fang Liu, Xiang-Yu Cao, Zhen-Hua Jia and Shui-Shan Song
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:8
  14. In the publication of this article (Liu et al. 2019), there was an error in the method and ethics declarations sections which were published with incorrect animal experiment approval number. The error: ‘These ...

    Authors: Yuh-Hwa Liu, Tai-Lin Lee, Chuan-Hsiao Han, Yi-Shan Lee and Wen-Chi Hou
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:7

    The original article was published in Botanical Studies 2019 60:9

  15. Most plant cytochrome P450 (P450) proteins need to be supplied with electrons from a redox partner, e.g. an NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), for the activation of oxygen molecules via heme. CPR is a flav...

    Authors: Yoshimi Yamamura and Ayaka Mabuchi
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:6
  16. Gastrodia elata is a fully mycoheterotrophic orchid and has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. The life cycle of G. elata requires an association with two different fungi-Mycena for seed germination ...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuan Li, Shun-Xing Guo and Yung-I Lee
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:4
  17. Hydraulically efficient xylem was evolved in the vascular plants as an apomorphy of the group. Main xylem components involved in water conduction are tracheid and vessel. Vessels, in which two ends are perfora...

    Authors: Swastika Laskar, Utsha Ghoshal and Kakali Sen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:3
  18. Orchids maintain a symbiotic relationship with mycorrhizal fungi in the lifecycle. Previous reports indicated that diverse mycobionts may have different roles during orchid growth and development. Although var...

    Authors: Ying Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Li, Xiao-Mei Chen, Shun-Xing Guo and Yung-I Lee
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:2
  19. Unintentional introgression from genetically modified (GM) oilseed rape (Brassica napus) to a relative is inevitable in the open field. A feasible and practical strategy for restricting the spread of GM offspring...

    Authors: Yuan-Kai Tu, Han-Wei Chen, Kuang-Yu Tseng, Yen-Chun Lin and Bo-Jein Kuo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:1
  20. Figs are key resources for tropical frugivores and display unique fruiting patterns. While monoecious figs support both seeds and wasp rearing, dioecious plants perform the tasks separately and produce seeded ...

    Authors: Yu-Ting Huang, Ya-Fu Lee, Yen-Min Kuo, Sing-Yi Chang and Chia-Ling Wu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:27
  21. Chitosan is a polycationic polysaccharide derived from chitin that has been recognized as an effective elicitor in the production of secondary metabolites of many medicinal plants. In this study, the effect of...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Fooladi vanda, Leila Shabani and Roya Razavizadeh
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:26
  22. Lipids and starch are important feedstocks for bioenergy production. Genetic studies on the biosyntheses of lipids and starch in green microalgae have drawn significant attention recently. In these studies, qu...

    Authors: Tze Ching Yong, Chia-Sheng Chiu and Ching-Nen Nathan Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:25
  23. Endosperm is a triploid tissue in seed resulting from a sperm nucleus fused with the binucleate central cell after double fertilization. Endosperm may be involved in metabolite production, solute transport, nu...

    Authors: Ming-Der Shih, Jian-Shin Lin, Mei-Jane Fang, Yuan-Ching Tsai and Yue-Ie C. Hsing
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:24
  24. Agriculture is highly dependent on climate. Increases in temperature caused by global warming pose challenges for crop production. Heat stress induces oxidative damage to cell membranes and then causes cell de...

    Authors: Yu-Sian Wu and Chin-Ying Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:23
  25. In the past two decades, biologists have been able to identify the gene signatures associated with various phenotypes through the monitoring of gene expressions with high-throughput biotechnologies. These gene...

    Authors: Li-yu Daisy Liu, Ya-Chun Hsiao, Hung-Chi Chen, Yun-Wei Yang and Men-Chi Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:22
  26. Plumbagin is one of the pharmaceutically important biomolecule with anticancer potential. Among the plants reported to produce plumbagin, P. zeylanica topped the list. The plumbagin production is very slow with l...

    Authors: Namdeo B. Andhale, Mohd. Shahnawaz and Avinash B. Ade
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:21
  27. Sino-Vietnamese limestone karsts (SVLK) are a biodiversity hotspot rich in endemic plant species associated with caves and cave-like microhabitats. Based on phylogenetic studies of Begonia sect. Coelocentrum, a s...

    Authors: Yu-Hsin Tseng, Han-Yau Huang, Wei-Bin Xu, Hsun-An Yang, Ching-I Peng, Yan Liu and Kuo-Fang Chung
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:20
  28. Taichung Native 1 (TN1), a variety of rice (Oryza sativa L.) developed in Taiwan, has played a key role in the green revolution of this major staple crop because of its semi-dwarf characteristics. Due to its susc...

    Authors: Yi Li, Yung-Fen Huang, Shou-Horng Huang, Yun-Hung Kuang, Chih-Wei Tung, Chung-Ta Liao and Wen-Po Chuang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:19
  29. The Gesneriaceae genus Chiritopsis, confined almost exclusively to cave or cave-like microhabitats of limestone karsts of southern China, was described to distinguish it from Chirita by much smaller flowers and g...

    Authors: Wei-Bin Xu, Hsuan Chang, Jie Huang and Kuo-Fang Chung
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:18
  30. Majority of the species within Senecioneae are classified in Senecio, making it the tribe’s largest genus. Certain intergeneric relationships within the tribe are vaguely defined, with the genus Senecio being par...

    Authors: Andrew Wanyoike Gichira, Sheila Avoga, Zhizhong Li, Guangwan Hu, Qingfeng Wang and Jinming Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:17
  31. Hericium erinaceus, also known as lion’s mane mushroom, is a widely distributed edible and medicinal fungus in Asian countries. H. erinaceus harbors diverse bioactive metabolites with anticancer, immunomodulating...

    Authors: Nan Zhang, Zongfu Tang, Jun Zhang, Xin Li, Ziqian Yang, Chun Yang, Zhaofeng Zhang and Zuoxi Huang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:15
  32. Cold stress is the main factor that reduces rice yield in subtropical areas, especially at the seedling stage. Most of the current studies on cold stress focus the responses of rice shoots to cold stress. Limi...

    Authors: Ching Hsin Hsu and Yi Ting Hsu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:14
  33. Salinity is a significant environmental stress factor limiting crops productivity. Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) has a natural tolerance to salinity stress, making it an interesting study object in stress biology r...

    Authors: Faiza Boussora, Mohamed Allam, Ferdaous Guasmi, Ali Ferchichi, Twan Rutten, Mats Hansson, Helmy M. Youssef and Andreas Börner
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:13
  34. Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the main crops in the world, and more than 3.9 billion people will consume rice by 2025. Sterility significantly affects rice production and leads to yield defects. The undeveloped a...

    Authors: Chia-Ling Chang, Jerry C. Serapion, Han-Hui Hung, Yan-Cheng Lin, Yuan-Ching Tsai, Wann-Neng Jane, Men-Chi Chang, Ming-Hsin Lai and Yue-ie C. Hsing
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:12
  35. Many commercially important drug and flavor compounds are secondary metabolites of terpenoid origin. Pogostemon cablin, a commercially important industrial and medicinal crop, accumulates abundant patchouli oil c...

    Authors: Yun Tang, Liting Zhong, Xiaobing Wang, Hai Zheng and Likai Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:11
  36. Haworthia are desert succulents belonging to the Asphodelaceae family. Haworthia species are cultivated commercially as ornamentals and some rare species are quite valuable at retail market but growth slowly and ...

    Authors: Yen-Ming Chen, Jian-Zhi Huang, Ting-Wen Hou and I-Chun Pan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:10
  37. There were few report concerning anti-glycation and antioxidant activities of the minor amounts of components in curcuminoids, demethylcurcumin and tetrahydroxycurcumin, in vitro and in vivo.

    Authors: Yuh-Hwa Liu, Tai-Lin Lee, Chuan-Hsiao Han, Yi-Shan Lee and Wen-Chi Hou
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2020 61:7

  38. Anoectochilus roxburghii is known for its medicinal properties, culinary interests, and ornamental applications in Asian countries. Recent studies focus mainly on its phytochemical properties and little is known ...

    Authors: Yuan-Yuan Li, Zhi-Xia Meng, Ying Zhang, Shun-Xing Guo and Yung-I Lee
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:6

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