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  1. There are estimated 180–220 species of Tuber described in the world, but the diversity of the genus in Taiwan is poorly known, with only two species recorded, i.e., Tuber formosanum and T. furfuraceum. During our...

    Authors: Chieh-Lung Lin, Ming-Jer Tsai, Chuen-Hsu Fu, Tun-Tschu Chang, Hoi-Tung Li and King-Fai Wong
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:25
  2. Bilateral symmetry flower (zygomorphy) is the ancestral state for Gesneriaceae species. Yet independent reversions to actinomorphy have been parallelly evolved in several lineages. Conandron ramondioides is a nat...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Hsin and Chun-Neng Wang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:24
  3. Seed size has been extensively studied in crop plants, as it determines crop yield. However, the mechanism of seed development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the mechanism of seed development in r...

    Authors: Kyu Ho Lee, Sang Woo Park, Yeon Jeong Kim, Yeon Jong Koo, Jong Tae Song and Hak Soo Seo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:23
  4. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is a typical monoecism vegetable with individual male and female flowers, which has been used as a plant model for sex determination. It is well known that light is one of the most i...

    Authors: Jiali Song, Yiting Zhang, Shiwei Song, Wei Su, Riyuan Chen, Guangwen Sun, Yanwei Hao and Houcheng Liu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:21
  5. Invasions by non-native plants contribute to loss of ecosystem biodiversity and productivity, modification of biogeochemical cycles, and inhibition of natural regeneration of native species. Japanese stiltgrass (

    Authors: Lela Z. Culpepper, Hsiao-Hsuan Wang, Tomasz E. Koralewski, William E. Grant and William E. Rogers
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:20
  6. Hemispherical photography (HP) is a popular method to estimate canopy structure and understorey light environment, which analyses photographs acquired with wide view-angle lens (i.e. fisheye lens). To increase...

    Authors: Guo-Zhang M. Song, Kuo-Jung Chao, David Doley and David Yates
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:19
  7. Blepharis constitutes an important part of the vegetation of the Jordanian arid and semi-arid regions, yet whether one or more species of this genus occurs in the Jordanian area is uncertain. We addressed this qu...

    Authors: Riyadh Muhaidat, Mohammad H. Brake, Mazhar Al Zoubi, Robert I. Colautti, Amjad Al-Nasser, Muheeb Awawdeh, Khalid Al-Batayneh, Wesam Al Khateeb, Athena D. McKown, Jamil Lahham and Ahmad El-Oqlah
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:18
  8. The coprophilous ascomycete Sordaria fimicola usually reproduces sexually. Sexual differentiation in S. fimicola is accompanied by cellular and morphological changes, followed by multicellular tissue development ...

    Authors: Kulsumpun Krobanan and Wei-Chiang Shen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:17
  9. Previously, we found that Arabidopsis plants transformed with a construct containing the promoter of Oshsp17.3 from rice fused to the β-glucuronidase gene (GUS), Oshsp17.3Pro::GUS (Oshsp17.3p), showed a GUS signa...

    Authors: Kuan-Fu Lin, Meng-Yu Tsai, Chung-An Lu, Shaw-Jye Wu and Ching-Hui Yeh
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:15
  10. Transcription factors could regulate multiple aspects of plants growth and development, which is significant to plants. Ovate family proteins (OFPs) that are named due to contain OVATE domain, a 70-AA C-termin...

    Authors: Yao Tang, Wei Zhang, Yan-Li Yin, Peng Feng, Hong-ling Li and Ying Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:12
  11. Tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world. There are many secondary metabolites can be found in tea such as anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavonols and catechins. These secondary metabolites in ...

    Authors: Shun-Wun Ke, Guan-Heng Chen, Chung-Tse Chen, Jason T. C. Tzen and Chin-Ying Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:11
  12. Volvox carteri f. nagariensis is a model taxon that has been studied extensively at the cellular and molecular level. The most distinctive morphological attribute of V. carteri f. nagariensis within V. carteri is...

    Authors: Hisayoshi Nozaki, Noriko Ueki, Mari Takusagawa, Shota Yamashita, Osami Misumi, Ryo Matsuzaki, Masanobu Kawachi, Yin-Ru Chiang and Jiunn-Tzong Wu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:10
  13. Nickel hyperaccumulator plants are of much interest for their evolution and unique ecophysiology, and also for potential applications in agromining—a novel technology that uses plants to extract valuable metal...

    Authors: Roderick Bouman, Peter van Welzen, Sukaibin Sumail, Guillaume Echevarria, Peter D. Erskine and Antony van der Ent
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:9
  14. Gastrodia elata, a mycoheterotrophic orchid, is a well-known medicinal herb. In nature, the seed germination of G. elata requires proper fungal association, because of the absence of endosperm. To germinate succe...

    Authors: Xu Zeng, Yuanyuan Li, Hong Ling, Juan Chen and Shunxing Guo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:8
  15. The thick and woody shell of the fruit of Adansonia species cannot be explained solely by adaptation to zoochory or hydrochory. Since the trunks of Adansonia possess a thick and fire-resistant bark and wildfires ...

    Authors: Andreas Kempe, Christoph Neinhuis and Thea Lautenschläger
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:7
  16. High and low temperatures constitute the most damaging type of abiotic stress and limit the survival, and productivity of plants. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of exogenous applications of acety...

    Authors: Mona H. Soliman, Aisha A. M. Alayafi, Amr A. El Kelish and Abdelghafar M. Abu-Elsaoud
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:6
  17. Temperature remarkably affects the growth and metabolism of plants. Tobacco is an important cash crop, and the long-term effects of different growth temperatures (18.5, 23.5 and 28.5 °C, daily average) on grow...

    Authors: Li Yun Yang, Shuang Long Yang, Jun Ying Li, Jun Hong Ma, Tao Pang, Cong Ming Zou, Bin He and Ming Gong
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:5
  18. Tolumnia genus (equitant Oncidium) is a group of small orchids with vivid flower color. Thousands of hybrids have been registered on Royal Horticulture Society and showed great potential for ornamental plant mark...

    Authors: Hui-Ju Shen, Jen-Tsung Chen, Hsiao-Hang Chung and Wei-Chin Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:4
  19. Cancer cell metastasis involving multi-step procedures and cytophysiological property changes may make difficult in the clinical management and death rate increasing.

    Authors: Jeng-Shyan Deng, Jui-Shu Chang, Jung-Chun Liao, Wei Chao, Ming-Ming Lee, Chien-Hua Cheng and Guan-Jhong Huang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:3
  20. The 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenases OsNCED4 was cloned from rice in conjunction with OsNCED 1-3 and 5, of which 3 has been shown to function in ABA biosynthesis and alteration of leaf morphology. In higher pla...

    Authors: San-Gwang Hwang, Chia-Yun Lee and Ching-Shan Tseng
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:2
  21. Terpenoids, the largest class of natural products in the plant kingdom, have been widely used in medicine. The precursors of terpenoids, isoprene phosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), were s...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Dou Wang, Qing Zhang, Jia Chai, Yong Peng and Xia Cai
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:62
  22. Among 300,000 species in angiosperms, Orchidaceae containing 30,000 species is one of the largest families. Almost every habitats on earth have orchid plants successfully colonized, and it indicates that orchi...

    Authors: Wen-Chieh Tsai, Anne Dievart, Chia-Chi Hsu, Yu-Yun Hsiao, Shang-Yi Chiou, Hsin Huang and Hong-Hwa Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:61
  23. Unfortunately, the original article (Huang et al. 2017) contained some errors. The Fig. 4 displayed incorrectly. The correct figure can be found below:

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:60

    The original article was published in Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

  24. Mycoheterotrophic plants are one of the most difficult plant groups to conserve because they are entirely dependent on symbiotic fungi. Establishment of viable culture systems would greatly aid their conservat...

    Authors: Kana Higaki, Kento Rammitsu, Yumi Yamashita, Tomohisa Yukawa and Yuki Ogura-Tsujita
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:59
  25. The environmental stresses caused by climate change have become more severe in recent decades, affecting tree growth and physiology. Tropical forests have great potential for global carbon sequestration. Howev...

    Authors: Hong-Chyi Jhou, Ya-Nan Wang, Chung-Shien Wu, Jui-Chu Yu and Chung-I Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:57
  26. The limestone karsts of Southeast Asia and South China are a major biodiversity hotspot of global terrestrial biomes. With more than 130 described species, Paraboea has become one of the most characteristic plant...

    Authors: Wei-Bin Xu, Jing Guo, Bo Pan, Meng-Qi Han, Yan Liu and Kuo-Fang Chung
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:56
  27. Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cv. “Nam Dan”) is one of the most valuable crops in agricultural production in Nghe An province (Vietnam). Our previous study revealed that extract of the cyanobacterium strain Nos...

    Authors: Van-Chung Mai, Ba-Hoanh Nguyen, Duc-Dien Nguyen and Le-Ai-Vinh Nguyen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:55
  28. Tropical orchids need more study with respect to their mycorrhizal associations. For researchers in distant countries who aspire to study these orchids augmenting their conservation, the great distances involv...

    Authors: Lawrence W. Zettler, Landy Rajaovelona, Kazutomo Yokoya, Jonathan P. Kendon, Andrew L. Stice, Amanda E. Wood and Viswambharan Sarasan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:54
  29. Low temperatures pose a critical limitation to the physiology and survival of chilling-sensitive plants. One example is the genus Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae), which is mainly native to tropical and subtropical ar...

    Authors: Ying-Jie Yang, Wei Chang, Wei Huang, Shi-Bao Zhang and Hong Hu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:53
  30. Biological classification, the hierarchical arrangement of scientific names of organisms, constitutes the core infrastructure of biological databases. For an efficient management of biological databases, adopt...

    Authors: Cheng-Tao Lin and Kuo-Fang Chung
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:52
  31. Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitr...

    Authors: Abubakar Ibrahim, Xiao-Lu Jin, Yu-Bin Zhang, Jessica Cruz, Paveena Vichyavichien, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Xing-Hai Zhang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:51
  32. Phalaenopsis bellina and its closely related species, P. violacea, emit linalool, geraniol and their derivatives as the predominant monoterpenes at the full-bloom stages. Geranyl dipho...

    Authors: Yu-Chen Chuang, Ming-Chi Lee, Ya-Lan Chang, Wen-Huei Chen and Hong-Hwa Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:50
  33. Soil respiration contributes to a large quantity of carbon emissions in the forest ecosystem. In this study, the soil respiration rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations (two lowland and one mid-elevation)...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2017 58:60

  34. Molecular identification based on microsatellite loci is an important technology to improve the commercial breeding of the moth orchid. There are more than 30,000 cultivars have been enrolled at the Royal Hort...

    Authors: Ya-Zhu Ko, Huei-Chuan Shih, Chi-Chu Tsai, Hsing-Hua Ho, Pei-Chun Liao and Yu-Chung Chiang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:48
  35. Lilium callosum is native to Taiwan, but little is known about it since it has been considered extinct since 1915. After the rediscovery of this rare species after a fire in 2011 in Tu...

    Authors: Ying Chun Chen, Yang Jung Huang, Chiu Mei Wang, Chin An Chiu, Huey Ling Lin, Pei Fang Lee, Ya Ming Cheng and Chen Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:47
  36. Non-expressor of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1) regulates expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes by interacting with TGA family proteins during systemic acquired resistance (SAR). However, no TGA-like...

    Authors: Le Wang, Zhihong Guo, Yubao Zhang, Yajun Wang, Li Wang, Guo Yang, Wenmei Li, Ruoyu Wang and Zhongkui Xie
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:46
  37. Plant defense against their pathogens can be induced by a complex network of different inducers. The present study investigates the synergistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum, exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and m...

    Authors: Andleeb Zehra, Mukesh Meena, Manish Kumar Dubey, Mohd. Aamir and R. S. Upadhyay
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:44
  38. Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis (Leguminosae), whose seeds have similar appearance and chemical constituents, are easily confused in using their seeds. To elucidate the simila...

    Authors: Renjun Mao, Pengguo Xia, Zhigui He, Yan Liu, Fenghua Liu, Hongguang Zhao, Ruilian Han and Zongsuo Liang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:43
  39. Sunflower is recognized as one of the most important oil plants with strong tolerance to drought in the world. In order to study the response mechanisms of sunflower plants to drought stress, gene expression p...

    Authors: Chunbo Liang, Wenjun Wang, Jing Wang, Jun Ma, Cen Li, Fei Zhou, Shuquan Zhang, Ying Yu, Liguo Zhang, Weizhong Li and Xutang Huang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:42
  40. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a popular flavoring that widely used in Asian, and the volatile oil in ginger rhizomes adds a special fragrance and taste to foods. The bioactive compounds in ginger, such as...

    Authors: Yusong Jiang, Qinhong Liao, Yong Zou, Yiqing Liu and Jianbin Lan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:41
  41. We studied the life history of Gagea graeca (L.) A. Terracc. (sect. Anthericoides) by field surveys on the Greek island of Crete, including quantitative analyses of 405 individuals, estimation of resource allocat...

    Authors: Martin Schnittler, Akmaral Nursafina, Angela Peterson, Jens Peterson, Carl Barnick and Anja Klahr
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:40
  42. Termitomyces mushrooms are mutualistically associated with fungus-growing termites, which are widely considered to cultivate a monogenotypic Termitomyces symbiont within a colony. Term...

    Authors: Huei-Mei Hsieh, Mei-Chu Chung, Pao-Yang Chen, Fei-Man Hsu, Wen-Wei Liao, Ai-Ning Sung, Chun-Ru Lin, Chung-Ju Rachel Wang, Yu-Hsin Kao, Mei-Jane Fang, Chi-Yung Lai, Chieh-Chen Huang, Jyh-Ching Chou, Wen-Neng Chou, Bill Chia-Han Chang and Yu-Ming Ju
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:39

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