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  1. Content type: Original Article

    Gastrodia elata, a mycoheterotrophic orchid, is a well-known medicinal herb. In nature, the seed germination of G. elata requires proper fungal association, because of the absence of endosperm. To germinate succe...

    Authors: Xu Zeng, Yuanyuan Li, Hong Ling, Juan Chen and Shunxing Guo

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:8

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  2. Content type: Original Article

    The thick and woody shell of the fruit of Adansonia species cannot be explained solely by adaptation to zoochory or hydrochory. Since the trunks of Adansonia possess a thick and fire-resistant bark and wildfires ...

    Authors: Andreas Kempe, Christoph Neinhuis and Thea Lautenschläger

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:7

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  3. Content type: Original Article

    High and low temperatures constitute the most damaging type of abiotic stress and limit the survival, and productivity of plants. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of exogenous applications of acety...

    Authors: Mona H. Soliman, Aisha A. M. Alayafi, Amr A. El Kelish and Abdelghafar M. Abu-Elsaoud

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:6

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  4. Content type: Original Article

    Temperature remarkably affects the growth and metabolism of plants. Tobacco is an important cash crop, and the long-term effects of different growth temperatures (18.5, 23.5 and 28.5 °C, daily average) on grow...

    Authors: Li Yun Yang, Shuang Long Yang, Jun Ying Li, Jun Hong Ma, Tao Pang, Cong Ming Zou, Bin He and Ming Gong

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:5

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  5. Content type: Original Article

    Tolumnia genus (equitant Oncidium) is a group of small orchids with vivid flower color. Thousands of hybrids have been registered on Royal Horticulture Society and showed great potential for ornamental plant mark...

    Authors: Hui-Ju Shen, Jen-Tsung Chen, Hsiao-Hang Chung and Wei-Chin Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:4

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  6. Content type: Original Article

    Cancer cell metastasis involving multi-step procedures and cytophysiological property changes may make difficult in the clinical management and death rate increasing.

    Authors: Jeng-Shyan Deng, Jui-Shu Chang, Jung-Chun Liao, Wei Chao, Ming-Ming Lee, Chien-Hua Cheng and Guan-Jhong Huang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:3

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  7. Content type: Original Article

    The 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenases OsNCED4 was cloned from rice in conjunction with OsNCED 1-3 and 5, of which 3 has been shown to function in ABA biosynthesis and alteration of leaf morphology. In higher pla...

    Authors: San-Gwang Hwang, Chia-Yun Lee and Ching-Shan Tseng

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:2

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  8. Content type: Original Article

    Terpenoids, the largest class of natural products in the plant kingdom, have been widely used in medicine. The precursors of terpenoids, isoprene phosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP), were s...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Dou Wang, Qing Zhang, Jia Chai, Yong Peng and Xia Cai

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:62

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  9. Content type: Review

    Among 300,000 species in angiosperms, Orchidaceae containing 30,000 species is one of the largest families. Almost every habitats on earth have orchid plants successfully colonized, and it indicates that orchi...

    Authors: Wen-Chieh Tsai, Anne Dievart, Chia-Chi Hsu, Yu-Yun Hsiao, Shang-Yi Chiou, Hsin Huang and Hong-Hwa Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:61

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  10. Content type: Correction

    Unfortunately, the original article (Huang et al. 2017) contained some errors. The Fig. 4 displayed incorrectly. The correct figure can be found below:

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:60

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    The original article was published in Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

  11. Content type: Original Article

    Mycoheterotrophic plants are one of the most difficult plant groups to conserve because they are entirely dependent on symbiotic fungi. Establishment of viable culture systems would greatly aid their conservat...

    Authors: Kana Higaki, Kento Rammitsu, Yumi Yamashita, Tomohisa Yukawa and Yuki Ogura-Tsujita

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:59

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  12. Content type: Original Article

    The environmental stresses caused by climate change have become more severe in recent decades, affecting tree growth and physiology. Tropical forests have great potential for global carbon sequestration. Howev...

    Authors: Hong-Chyi Jhou, Ya-Nan Wang, Chung-Shien Wu, Jui-Chu Yu and Chung-I Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:57

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  13. Content type: Original article

    The limestone karsts of Southeast Asia and South China are a major biodiversity hotspot of global terrestrial biomes. With more than 130 described species, Paraboea has become one of the most characteristic plant...

    Authors: Wei-Bin Xu, Jing Guo, Bo Pan, Meng-Qi Han, Yan Liu and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:56

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  14. Content type: Original Article

    Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr. cv. “Nam Dan”) is one of the most valuable crops in agricultural production in Nghe An province (Vietnam). Our previous study revealed that extract of the cyanobacterium strain Nos...

    Authors: Van-Chung Mai, Ba-Hoanh Nguyen, Duc-Dien Nguyen and Le-Ai-Vinh Nguyen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:55

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  15. Content type: Original Article

    Tropical orchids need more study with respect to their mycorrhizal associations. For researchers in distant countries who aspire to study these orchids augmenting their conservation, the great distances involv...

    Authors: Lawrence W. Zettler, Landy Rajaovelona, Kazutomo Yokoya, Jonathan P. Kendon, Andrew L. Stice, Amanda E. Wood and Viswambharan Sarasan

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:54

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  16. Content type: Original article

    Low temperatures pose a critical limitation to the physiology and survival of chilling-sensitive plants. One example is the genus Paphiopedilum (Orchidaceae), which is mainly native to tropical and subtropical ar...

    Authors: Ying-Jie Yang, Wei Chang, Wei Huang, Shi-Bao Zhang and Hong Hu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:53

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  17. Content type: Original article

    Biological classification, the hierarchical arrangement of scientific names of organisms, constitutes the core infrastructure of biological databases. For an efficient management of biological databases, adopt...

    Authors: Cheng-Tao Lin and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:52

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  18. Content type: Original article

    Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitr...

    Authors: Abubakar Ibrahim, Xiao-Lu Jin, Yu-Bin Zhang, Jessica Cruz, Paveena Vichyavichien, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Xing-Hai Zhang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:51

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  19. Content type: Original article

    Phalaenopsis bellina and its closely related species, P. violacea, emit linalool, geraniol and their derivatives as the predominant monoterpenes at the full-bloom stages. Geranyl dipho...

    Authors: Yu-Chen Chuang, Ming-Chi Lee, Ya-Lan Chang, Wen-Huei Chen and Hong-Hwa Chen

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:50

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  20. Content type: Original article

    Soil respiration contributes to a large quantity of carbon emissions in the forest ecosystem. In this study, the soil respiration rates at three Taiwanese forest plantations (two lowland and one mid-elevation)...

    Authors: Yu-Hsuan Huang, Chih-Yu Hung, I-Rhy Lin, Tomonori Kume, Oleg V. Menyailo and Chih-Hsin Cheng

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:49

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Botanical Studies 2017 58:60

  21. Content type: Original article

    Molecular identification based on microsatellite loci is an important technology to improve the commercial breeding of the moth orchid. There are more than 30,000 cultivars have been enrolled at the Royal Hort...

    Authors: Ya-Zhu Ko, Huei-Chuan Shih, Chi-Chu Tsai, Hsing-Hua Ho, Pei-Chun Liao and Yu-Chung Chiang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:48

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  22. Content type: Original article

    Lilium callosum is native to Taiwan, but little is known about it since it has been considered extinct since 1915. After the rediscovery of this rare species after a fire in 2011 in Tu...

    Authors: Ying Chun Chen, Yang Jung Huang, Chiu Mei Wang, Chin An Chiu, Huey Ling Lin, Pei Fang Lee, Ya Ming Cheng and Chen Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:47

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  23. Content type: Original article

    Non-expressor of pathogenesis-related genes 1 (NPR1) regulates expression of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes by interacting with TGA family proteins during systemic acquired resistance (SAR). However, no TGA-like...

    Authors: Le Wang, Zhihong Guo, Yubao Zhang, Yajun Wang, Li Wang, Guo Yang, Wenmei Li, Ruoyu Wang and Zhongkui Xie

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:46

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  24. Content type: Original article

    Plant defense against their pathogens can be induced by a complex network of different inducers. The present study investigates the synergistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum, exogenous salicylic acid (SA) and m...

    Authors: Andleeb Zehra, Mukesh Meena, Manish Kumar Dubey, Mohd. Aamir and R. S. Upadhyay

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:44

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  25. Content type: Original article

    Senna obtusifolia and Senna occidentalis (Leguminosae), whose seeds have similar appearance and chemical constituents, are easily confused in using their seeds. To elucidate the simila...

    Authors: Renjun Mao, Pengguo Xia, Zhigui He, Yan Liu, Fenghua Liu, Hongguang Zhao, Ruilian Han and Zongsuo Liang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:43

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  26. Content type: Original article

    Sunflower is recognized as one of the most important oil plants with strong tolerance to drought in the world. In order to study the response mechanisms of sunflower plants to drought stress, gene expression p...

    Authors: Chunbo Liang, Wenjun Wang, Jing Wang, Jun Ma, Cen Li, Fei Zhou, Shuquan Zhang, Ying Yu, Liguo Zhang, Weizhong Li and Xutang Huang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:42

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  27. Content type: Original article

    Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a popular flavoring that widely used in Asian, and the volatile oil in ginger rhizomes adds a special fragrance and taste to foods. The bioactive compounds in ginger, such as...

    Authors: Yusong Jiang, Qinhong Liao, Yong Zou, Yiqing Liu and Jianbin Lan

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:41

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  28. Content type: Original Article

    We studied the life history of Gagea graeca (L.) A. Terracc. (sect. Anthericoides) by field surveys on the Greek island of Crete, including quantitative analyses of 405 individuals, estimation of resource allocat...

    Authors: Martin Schnittler, Akmaral Nursafina, Angela Peterson, Jens Peterson, Carl Barnick and Anja Klahr

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:40

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  29. Content type: Original Article

    Termitomyces mushrooms are mutualistically associated with fungus-growing termites, which are widely considered to cultivate a monogenotypic Termitomyces symbiont within a colony. Term...

    Authors: Huei-Mei Hsieh, Mei-Chu Chung, Pao-Yang Chen, Fei-Man Hsu, Wen-Wei Liao, Ai-Ning Sung, Chun-Ru Lin, Chung-Ju Rachel Wang, Yu-Hsin Kao, Mei-Jane Fang, Chi-Yung Lai, Chieh-Chen Huang, Jyh-Ching Chou, Wen-Neng Chou, Bill Chia-Han Chang and Yu-Ming Ju

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:39

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  30. Content type: Original article

    RNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, a...

    Authors: Ting-Chieh Chen, Yu-Chang Liu, Xuewen Wang, Chi-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Hao Huang and Ching-Chun Chang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:38

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  31. Content type: Original Article

    This study evaluates the influences of bio fertilizers containing mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus fasciculatum, Glomus mosseae) individually or in combination with N-fixer (Azotobacter chroococcum), K solubilizer (Baci...

    Authors: Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Fayaz Asad and Danfeng Huang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:35

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  32. Content type: Original Article

    Lack of phenological information and efficient collecting methods are considered impediments for orchid seed collecting. This leads to opportunistic collecting as part of general seed collecting schedules that...

    Authors: Jonathan P. Kendon, Landy Rajaovelona, Helen Sandford, Rui Fang, Jake Bell and Viswambharan Sarasan

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:34

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  33. Content type: Review

    This perspective draws attention to the functional organization of orchid seed and protocorm during the course of development. The orchid embryos have a well-organized developmental plan generating a blue-prin...

    Authors: Edward C. Yeung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:33

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  34. Content type: Original Article

    The aim of this study is to compare the tolerance mechanisms of two industrial tomato varieties (X5671R and 5MX12956) under drought stress. 14 days-old tomato seedlings were subjected to 7 days-long drought st...

    Authors: Özge Çelik, Alp Ayan and Çimen Atak

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:32

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  35. Content type: Original Article

    Gastrodia elata is a well-known medicinal orchid. In nature, the germination rate of G. elata is extremely poor, because there is no endosperm within the mature seed. It is crucial for...

    Authors: Xu Zeng, Yuanyuan Li, Hong Ling, Sisi Liu, Mengmeng Liu, Juan Chen and Shunxing Guo

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:31

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  36. Content type: Original Article

    Starch consists of two types of molecules: amylose and amylopectin. The objective of this study was increase understanding about mechanisms related to starch accumulation in hulless barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) gr...

    Authors: Xu-guang Zheng, Jun-cang Qi, Hong-shan Hui, Li-hao Lin and Feng Wang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:30

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  37. Content type: Original Article

    The flora of Panay Island is under-collected compared with the other islands of the Philippines. In a joint expedition to the island, botanists from Taiwan and the Philippines found three unknown Begonia species ...

    Authors: Ching-I Peng, Rosario Rivera Rubite, Che-Wei Lin, Mark Hughes, Yoshiko Kono and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:28

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  38. Content type: Original Article

    Genetic variability was studied in 78 populations of locally collected Vicia L. taxa for seed albumins, globulins and prolamins patterns by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) alo...

    Authors: Sakina Bechkri, Imane Medoukali and Douadi Khelifi

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:27

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  39. Content type: Original Article

    The genus Argyreia Lour. is one of the species-rich Asian genera in the family Convolvulaceae. Several species complexes were recognized in which taxon delimitation was imprecise, especially when examining herbar...

    Authors: Paweena Traiperm, Janene Chow, Possathorn Nopun, G. Staples and Sasivimon C. Swangpol

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:25

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  40. Content type: Original Article

    Light availability may have direct effects on reproduction through resource availability, and indirect effects on female reproduction by influencing plant-pollinator interactions. Floral display size, pollinat...

    Authors: Guo-Xing Cao, Bi-Xian Wu, Xu-Jian Xu, Xie Wang and Chun-Ping Yang

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:24

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  41. Content type: Original Article

    Soil organic carbon (SOC) and carbon (C) functional groups in different particle-size fractions are important indicators of microbial activity and soil decomposition stages under wildfire disturbances. This re...

    Authors: Yo-Jin Shiau, Jenn-Shing Chen, Tay-Lung Chung, Guanglong Tian and Chih-Yu Chiu

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:23

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  42. Content type: Original Article

    A new species, Begonia myanmarica, was discovered from Myanmar and herein documented. Characterized by a single developed wing in the ovary/fruit, this species would be assigned to sect. Monopteron (sensu Doorenb...

    Authors: Yu-Hsin Tseng, Young-Dong Kim, Ching-I Peng, Khin Myo Htwe, Seong-Hyun Cho, Yoshiko Kono and Kuo-Fang Chung

    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:21

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