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Molecular Biology

  1. Salt stress is often associated with excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Oxidative stress caused by the accumulation of ROS is a major factor that negatively affects crop growth and yield. R...

    Authors: He Liu, Xiaoxue Du, Jialin Zhang, Jinna Li, Sixue Chen, Huizi Duanmu and Haiying Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2022 63:5
  2. Salt stress is a major abiotic stress that limits plant growth, development and productivity. Studying the molecular mechanisms of salt stress tolerance may help to enhance crop productivity. Sugar beet monoso...

    Authors: Jinna Li, Kun Wang, Meichao Ji, Tingyue Zhang, Chao Yang, He Liu, Sixue Chen, Hongli Li and Haiying Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2021 62:16
  3. Posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) is one of the most important mechanisms for plants during viral infection. However, viruses have also developed viral suppressors to negatively control PTGS by inhibit...

    Authors: Sin-Fen Hu, Wei-Lun Wei, Syuan-Fei Hong, Ru-Ying Fang, Hsin-Yi Wu, Pin-Chun Lin, Neda Sanobar, Hsin-Ping Wang, Margo Sulistio, Chun-Ta Wu, Hsiao-Feng Lo and Shih-Shun Lin
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:22
  4. Most plant cytochrome P450 (P450) proteins need to be supplied with electrons from a redox partner, e.g. an NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), for the activation of oxygen molecules via heme. CPR is a flav...

    Authors: Yoshimi Yamamura and Ayaka Mabuchi
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2020 61:6
  5. Agriculture is highly dependent on climate. Increases in temperature caused by global warming pose challenges for crop production. Heat stress induces oxidative damage to cell membranes and then causes cell de...

    Authors: Yu-Sian Wu and Chin-Ying Yang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:23
  6. Many commercially important drug and flavor compounds are secondary metabolites of terpenoid origin. Pogostemon cablin, a commercially important industrial and medicinal crop, accumulates abundant patchouli oil c...

    Authors: Yun Tang, Liting Zhong, Xiaobing Wang, Hai Zheng and Likai Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:11
  7. Ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.) is a model plant for studying salt-tolerant mechanisms in higher plants. Many salt stress-responsive ice plant genes have been identified with molecular and biochemica...

    Authors: Hau-Hsuan Hwang, Chih-Hao Wang, Hsiao-Huei Chen, Jia-Fang Ho, Shin-Fei Chi, Fan-Chen Huang and Hungchen Emilie Yen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2019 60:1
  8. Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) serves as important grain crop widely cultivated in the world, which is often suffered by drought stress in natural conditions. As one of the most important post translation modificat...

    Authors: Fei Luo, Xiong Deng, Yue Liu and Yueming Yan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:28
  9. Bilateral symmetry flower (zygomorphy) is the ancestral state for Gesneriaceae species. Yet independent reversions to actinomorphy have been parallelly evolved in several lineages. Conandron ramondioides is a nat...

    Authors: Kuan-Ting Hsin and Chun-Neng Wang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:24
  10. Seed size has been extensively studied in crop plants, as it determines crop yield. However, the mechanism of seed development remains elusive. In this study, we explored the mechanism of seed development in r...

    Authors: Kyu Ho Lee, Sang Woo Park, Yeon Jeong Kim, Yeon Jong Koo, Jong Tae Song and Hak Soo Seo
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:23
  11. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is a typical monoecism vegetable with individual male and female flowers, which has been used as a plant model for sex determination. It is well known that light is one of the most i...

    Authors: Jiali Song, Yiting Zhang, Shiwei Song, Wei Su, Riyuan Chen, Guangwen Sun, Yanwei Hao and Houcheng Liu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:21
  12. The coprophilous ascomycete Sordaria fimicola usually reproduces sexually. Sexual differentiation in S. fimicola is accompanied by cellular and morphological changes, followed by multicellular tissue development ...

    Authors: Kulsumpun Krobanan and Wei-Chiang Shen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2018 59:17
  13. Among 300,000 species in angiosperms, Orchidaceae containing 30,000 species is one of the largest families. Almost every habitats on earth have orchid plants successfully colonized, and it indicates that orchi...

    Authors: Wen-Chieh Tsai, Anne Dievart, Chia-Chi Hsu, Yu-Yun Hsiao, Shang-Yi Chiou, Hsin Huang and Hong-Hwa Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:61
  14. Nitrate uptake is a highly regulated process. Understanding the intricate interactions between nitrate availability and genetically-controlled nitrate acquisition and metabolism is essential for improving nitr...

    Authors: Abubakar Ibrahim, Xiao-Lu Jin, Yu-Bin Zhang, Jessica Cruz, Paveena Vichyavichien, Nwadiuto Esiobu and Xing-Hai Zhang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:51
  15. Phalaenopsis bellina and its closely related species, P. violacea, emit linalool, geraniol and their derivatives as the predominant monoterpenes at the full-bloom stages. Geranyl dipho...

    Authors: Yu-Chen Chuang, Ming-Chi Lee, Ya-Lan Chang, Wen-Huei Chen and Hong-Hwa Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:50
  16. Sunflower is recognized as one of the most important oil plants with strong tolerance to drought in the world. In order to study the response mechanisms of sunflower plants to drought stress, gene expression p...

    Authors: Chunbo Liang, Wenjun Wang, Jing Wang, Jun Ma, Cen Li, Fei Zhou, Shuquan Zhang, Ying Yu, Liguo Zhang, Weizhong Li and Xutang Huang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:42
  17. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) is a popular flavoring that widely used in Asian, and the volatile oil in ginger rhizomes adds a special fragrance and taste to foods. The bioactive compounds in ginger, such as...

    Authors: Yusong Jiang, Qinhong Liao, Yong Zou, Yiqing Liu and Jianbin Lan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:41
  18. RNA editing is a process of post-transcriptional level of gene regulation by nucleotide modification. Previously, the chloroplast DNA of Taiwan endemic moth orchid, P. aphrodite subsp. formosana was determined, a...

    Authors: Ting-Chieh Chen, Yu-Chang Liu, Xuewen Wang, Chi-Hsuan Wu, Chih-Hao Huang and Ching-Chun Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:38
  19. Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) is an economically important legume of high nutritional value, however, its cultivation is limited by susceptibility to chilling. Varieties NM94 and VC1973A, with differential ...

    Authors: Li-Ru Chen, Chia-Yun Ko, William R. Folk and Tsai-Yun Lin
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:7
  20. APETALA2/ethylene response factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factor (TF) is a superfamily in plant kingdom, which has been reported to be involved in regulation of plant growth and development, fruit ripening, de...

    Authors: Chao Gu, Zhi-Hua Guo, Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Zi-Ming Jin and Shao-Ling Zhang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2017 58:6
  21. Catechins are the main polyphenol compounds in tea (Camellia sinensis). To understand the relationship between gene expression and product accumulation, the levels of catechins and relative expressions of key gen...

    Authors: Li-Qun Zhang, Kang Wei, Hao Cheng, Li-Yuan Wang and Cheng-Cai Zhang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2016 57:31
  22. Lotus root is a traditional and popular aquatic vegetable in China. Starch is an important component of the rhizome and directly affects the quality of processed products. ADP -glucose pyrophosphorylase (AGPas...

    Authors: Libao Cheng, Xian Liu, Jingjing Yin, Jianqiu Yang, Yan Li, Linchong Hui, Shuyan Li and Liangjun Li
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2016 57:26
  23. Anthocyanins are the conspicuous pigments of flowering plants and participate in several aspects of plant development and defense, such as seeds and pollens dispersal. Leaf colour (Lc) is the first basic/helix-lo...

    Authors: Zong-An Huang, Ting Zhao, Ning Wang and Shu-song Zheng
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2016 57:24
  24. Wheat, one of the most important crops, has a detrimental effect on both yield and quality under drought stress. As our preliminary experiment showed that the Chinese Spring wheat-Aegilops longissima chromosome s...

    Authors: Jiaxing Zhou, Chaoying Ma, Shoumin Zhen, Min Cao, Friedich J. Zeller, Sai L. K. Hsam and Yueming Yan
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2016 57:20
  25. SFARs (seed fatty acid reducers) belonging to the GDSL lipases/esterases family have been reported to reduce fatty acid storage and composition in mature Arabidopsis seeds. GDSL lipase...

    Authors: Li-Min Huang, Chia-Ping Lai, Long-Fang O. Chen, Ming-Tsair Chan and Jei-Fu Shaw
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2015 56:33
  26. Asparagine (N)-linked glycosylation is one of the most crucial post-translational modifications, which is catalyzed in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by the oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) in euka...

    Authors: Luyi Jiang, Xin Zhu, Jinmei Chen, Deyue Yang, Changfang Zhou and Zhi Hong
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2015 56:31
  27. The mBFP is an improved variant of NADPH-dependent blue fluorescent protein that was originally identified from the non-bioluminescent pathogenic bacteria Vibrio vulnificus CKM-1. To explore the application of mB...

    Authors: Jin-Min Tu, Ming-Chung Chang, Lynn LH Huang, Ching-Dong Chang, Hao-Jen Huang, Ruey-Hua Lee and Ching-Chun Chang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2014 55:79
  28. In the floral ABC model, B-class genes comprised of DEFICIENS (DEF)/APETALA3 (AP3) and GLOBOSA (GLO)/PISTILLATA (PI) had been proposed to involve in second and third whorl floral organ development. However, less ...

    Authors: Kunmei Su, Zhenhuan Li and Zhiduan Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2014 55:21
  29. Phytocystatins are natural inhibitors of cysteine protease, and may regulate endo- or exo-genous proteolytic activities in plants. They are classified into Group I and II differing by the presence of C-termina...

    Authors: Mei-Ling Cheng, Jason T C Tzen, Douglas J H Shyu and Wing-Ming Chou
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2014 55:18
  30. Arachis hypogaea L. (2n = 4× = 40, AABB) is one of the most important oil and economic crop plants in the word. This species has the largest genome size of about 2,813 Mb among the oil crop species. Zhonghua 8 is...

    Authors: Yu-Ning Chen, Wen-Hui Wei, Xiao-Ping Ren, Xue-Ya Zhao, Xiao-Jing Zhou, Li Huang, Xing-Chun Tang and Hui-Fang Jiang
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2014 55:8
  31. Chronological age is the primary consideration when studying the physiological development, aging, and flowering of bamboo. However, it’s difficult to determine bamboo’s chronological age if the time of germin...

    Authors: Jin-Ling Yuan, Hui-Min Sun, Guang-Ping Guo, Jin-Jun Yue and Xiao-Ping Gu
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2014 55:4
  32. Pepper, Capsicum annuum L., Solanaceae, is a major staple economically important vegetable crop worldwide. Limited functional genomics resources and whole genome association studies could be substantially improve...

    Authors: Yul-Kyun Ahn, Swati Tripathi, Young-Il Cho, Jeong-Ho Kim, Hye-Eun Lee, Do-Sun Kim, Jong-Gyu Woo and Myeong-Cheoul Cho
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:58
  33. Accurate import of thousands of nuclear-encoded proteins is an important step in plastid biogenesis. However, the import machinery of cytosolic precursor proteins to plastids relies on the Toc and Tic (translo...

    Authors: Yu-Shan Liu and Chih-Wen Sun
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:40
  34. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), an important herb in traditional Chinese medicine, is commonly used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. One of the major bioactive constituents of Danshen, diterpenoid t...

    Authors: Hsin-Shueh Ho, Rishi Kishore Vishwakarma, Emily Chin-Fun Chen and Hsin-Sheng Tsay
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:37
  35. Systematic acquired resistance (SAR) is an effective broad-spectrum defense mechanism that confers long-lasting protection against biotrophic pathogens trough defense related salicylic acid (SA) signaling. Gen...

    Authors: Jen-Chih Chen, Hsiang-Chia Lu, Cheng-En Chen, Hua-Fang Hsu, Hong-Hwa Chen and Hsin-Hung Yeh
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:31
  36. The rice gene, OsMADS45, which belongs to the MADS-box E class gene, participates in the regulation of floral development. Previous studies have revealed that ectopic expression of OsMADS45 induces early flowerin...

    Authors: Jiun-Da Wang, Shuen-Fang Lo, Yan-Suan Li, Po-Ju Chen, Shih-Yun Lin, Teh-Yuan Ho, Jenq-Horng Lin and Liang-Jwu Chen
    Citation: Botanical Studies 2013 54:12

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